Two co-dependent principles stand as the foundation of modern quantum mechanics, and they are the complementarity principle and the uncertainty principle.
The complementarity principle informs us about the wave-particle duality of the quantum world and that it is fundamental and not due to any other behind the veil principle.
While the uncertainty principle is a principle that informs us that it is impossible to accurately determine the quantities of the quantum world such as momentum, position, energy and time.
Now, all phenomena of the quantum world are explained by either principle, and one of such phenomena is quantum tunnelling.
Quantum tunnelling is a very surprising phenomenon which is about how particles cross a potential barrier even though they don’t seem to have the energy to do so.
This phenomenon of quantum tunnelling has been explained to be due to the wave nature of these particles, and it is obvious that this explanation is according to the complementarity principle. Particles as wave extend their presence in space and possibly beyond the potential barrier. This is the wave explanation of quantum tunnelling.
Also, the uncertainty principle supports this wave explanation by informing us that there is always an uncertainty of energy the particle possesses which allows it to be able to cross the potential barrier.
Looking at the above co-dependent explanations of quantum tunnelling by modern quantum mechanics, we see the obvious element of probability which is fundamental to modern quantum mechanics.
So, according to modern quantum mechanics, quantum tunnelling is simply the result of the probabilistic nature of quantum mechanics.
Now, how does absolute relativity explain this phenomenon? I will like to use post-modern quantum mechanics instead of absolute relativity and this is because absolute has re-established the foundation of quantum mechanics.
So, in this article, I will be putting post-modern quantum mechanics against modern quantum mechanics in order for you to not just see the post-modern explanation of this phenomenon but also how it is different from the modern explanation.
At the foundation of post-modern quantum mechanics is just one principle referred to as the principle of non-inertia. The principle of non-inertia is the principle that states that accelerated rest and accelerated motion are indistinguishable. It is obviously a post-modern principle.At the foundation of post-modern quantum mechanics is just one principle referred to as the principle of non-inertia.Click To Tweet
Now, just like modern quantum mechanics, post-modern quantum mechanics also agrees about the wave nature of quantum mechanics but it gives us a different description of the origin of this wave behaviour.
(I would have gone further but we are not talking about what really causes the wave nature of quantum mechanics but rather about quantum tunnelling. However, you can read my article below to learn about this.)
Therefore, the focus of this comparison between how modern quantum mechanics explains quantum tunnelling and how post-modern quantum mechanics explains quantum tunnelling will be based respectively on the uncertainty principle and the principle of non-inertia, and energy will be the actual concept in focus.
Now, listen: The uncertainty principle informs us that particles are able to tunnel through a potential barrier because of the uncertainty of energy, but the principle of non-inertia informs us that particles are able to tunnel through a potential barrier because of self-impressed energy.
What do I mean by self-impressed energy? Well, I mean what it obviously means. Outside the atomic world, we are able to impress energy on ourselves to cross a potential barrier like a fence or wall.The principle of non-inertia informs us that particles are able to tunnel through a potential barrier because of self-impressed energy.Click To Tweet
Now, what if the same also applies in the atomic world, such that particles can impress energy on themselves to cross a potential barrier? This is what post-modern quantum mechanics informs us happens possibly in the atomic world and it is what is responsible for quantum tunnelling!
Atomic particles can impress energy on themselves. Even a good look at quantum tunnelling indicates that this is what is happening, but we find it hard to accept because it is not backed by a fundamental principle or some other understanding of the atomic world.
But now the fundamental principle which makes it possible for atomic particles to impress energy on themselves is what I call the principle of non-inertia. The principle of non-inertia is the natural principle for accelerated frames just as the principle of inertia is the natural principle for uniform frames.
You may be wondering, if atomic particles impress energy on themselves, what then happens to the energy we impress on them from the outside? Nothing, the energy is also carried by the atomic particles and this is why it is said in post-modern quantum mechanics that all atomic particles carry two identical and isolated energies.
These two identical and isolated energies are referred to as external energy and internal energy. The external energy is not self-impressed but the internal energy is self-impressed. In fact, self-impressed energy in this article is simply another term for internal energy.
So, atomic particles can be impressed energy from two points. One from the outside which is the external energy and the other from the inside which is the internal energy or the self-impressed energy and this impression can only be initiated by either and not by both.
Quantum tunnelling is one of those phenomena where internal energy is initiated to move particles across a potential barrier. It’s just as we can self-impress energy on ourselves or receive energy from an outside source, so can atomic particles self-impress energy on themselves or receive it from an outside source.
To further make you understand the origin of self-impressed energy and how it is due to the principle of non-inertia. Remember that the principle of non-inertia is the natural principle for accelerated motion and that it is similar to the principle of inertia.
Now, the naturalness of the principle of inertia for uniform motion and for the motion of non-atomic bodies is what causes them to move by themselves without or independent of any external force or energy while the naturalness of the principle of non-inertia for accelerated motion and for the motion atomic particles is what causes them to move by themselves as though they are not being impressed by an external force or energy even when/though they are!
I want you to read the above paragraph again and again and again until you see it, until you see it all, until you see the entire mystery of quantum mechanics and the simple explanation of quantum tunnelling!
That is the simple understanding of the principle of non-inertia which is the natural principle for all accelerated frames. This principle is what causes accelerated motion to be natural for all atomic particles seemingly independent of external energy just as the principle of inertia causes uniform motion to be natural for all non-atomic particles in the absence of external energy.
A particle which can behave like a wave tunnels through a potential barrier by self-impressed energy and not by the uncertainty of energy.
So, self-impressed energy which proves the naturalness of accelerated motion is what causes particles to by themselves cross seemingly impossible potential barriers. This is the post-modern explanation of quantum tunnelling and it is quantumly logical.Self-impressed energy which proves the naturalness of accelerated motion is what causes particles to by themselves cross seemingly impossible potential barriers.Click To Tweet
The explanation of quantum tunnelling according to the uncertainty principle no longer stands in post-modern quantum mechanics, which now stands on the single absolute principle of non-inertia.
The uncertainty of energy made possible by the uncertainty principle is not the cause of quantum tunnelling but self-impressed energy made possible by the principle of non-inertia.
We have been unable to explain quantum tunnelling because we did not know about the natural principle for accelerated motion in the universe. This oversight is the cause of most of the major conceptual flaws in physics since classical physics.
In this article, I have explained quantum tunnelling focusing only on the internal energy or the self-impressed energy, but to explain some other phenomena like the double-slit experiment one would need to explain them by the combined effects of the internal and external energies.
And by comparing self-impressed energy with external energy, you will see that the post-modern explanation of quantum tunnelling is a qualitative explanation, unlike the modern explanation based on the uncertainty of energy which is a quantitative explanation.
So, quantum tunnelling is one of the ways nature tells us that particles can jump across a potential barrier by themselves and not that particles possess an uncertainty in energy. This, I think, is the most obvious explanation.
The beauty of this explanation is that it bypasses the probabilistic nature of quantum mechanics by informing us not of an uncertainty of energy but of self-impressed energy.
We now have to understand that these particles can impress energy on themselves, and we now have to consciously study the conditions that cause particles to initiate motion by self-impressed energy and not by an external energy. The uncertainty principle is not why particles can cross a potential barrier.
An important and underlying relativistic reason for quantum tunnelling and which is associated with the principle of non-inertia is that accelerating particles carry a relativistic gravi-electromagnetic energy and which is greater than the possible relativistic electromagnetic energy.
Due to special relativity, we have become used to the relativistic electromagnetic energy bodies in uniform motion carry, but absolute relativity is informing us that bodies in accelerated motion carry a relativistic gravi-electromagnetic energy, and because of this, accelerating particles can tunnel through potential barriers as have been observed.
I want you to know about this technical reason from this article even though you will see it clearly in the Treatise. Modern quantum mechanics knows nothing about gravi-electromagnetic energy and this is a major drawback in its explanation of quantum tunnelling.
Furthermore, in this discussion of quantum tunnelling, I have given the modern and post-modern explanations based on the concept of energy.
However, what I did not tell you is that the concept of energy means different things in modern quantum mechanics and in post-modern quantum mechanics.
In modern quantum mechanics, the energy particles carry is the energy in Joules, but according to post-modern quantum mechanics, the energy particles carry is the energy in Joules/s2.
So, while the uncertainty of energy is the energy in Joules, the self-impressed energy is the energy in Joules/s2. Don’t think that the two energies being discussed are the same.
And it is by looking and understanding the origin of self-impressed energy in Joules/s2 that you will understand why it is possible. The energy in Joules/s2 is unlike any concept of energy found in modern quantum mechanics and it only exists in the atomic world.
The character of this energy in Joules/s2, which is obviously the kind of energy due to the naturalness of accelerated motion for atomic particles, is what makes self-impressed energy possible and responsible for quantum tunnelling.
This energy still has to be further explored and understood, for it shall assist us to understand every phenomenon or ‘mystery’ of quantum mechanics. The quantum world is unlike anything we know because of our former ignorance of this form of energy.
Also, physicists have been investigating quantum tunnelling, seeking to find out if it takes time or if it is instantaneous. While I will discuss how events occur in the universe in a later article, I must let you know now that every event in the universe takes time, even a seemingly instantaneous event, and this applies also to quantum tunnelling.
So, in this post-modern era, the particles have arisen to claim their own right to self-impressed energy, and who are we to deny them of this right; who are we to deny them of the principle of non-inertia.
Until next time,
I will be here.
– M. V. Echa