# The Post-modern Theory of Electromagnetic Induction

##### Introduction

We owe so much of our understanding and the practical application of electromagnetism to no one else but Michael Faraday. The practical application of electromagnetism pioneered by this great experimentalist is what has led to power generators and the whole scope of power generation, transmission and distribution.

His practical observations of how a magnet interacts with a wire or a conductor to produce electricity was what led him to propose what is today called “the Faraday’s two laws of electromagnetic induction.”

In this scientific post, I want us to discuss these two laws of electromagnetic induction in the light of post-modern physics. This scientific post will be a modification of Faraday’s two laws of electromagnetic induction.

This modification has become necessary because we now have the long-hidden unified understanding of the universe. This unified understanding of the universe is what has transformed our understanding of electromagnetic induction and it can be found in the theory of absolute relativity.

##### Stating Faraday’s Two Laws of Electromagnetic Induction

Now, from Faraday’s practical investigations, he found out that when a magnet is moved closed to a wire or a coil that induced current is produced in the coil which can be indicated by a galvanometer.

He also found out that this induced current only existed when there is relative motion between the magnet and the coil. When there is no relative motion between the magnet and the coil, there will be no induced current in the coil. This was a very important observation.

(I have discussed in the scientific post linked below why such connection exists between electricity and impressed motion and I will like you to read it as that will not be the focus of this scientific article.)

It was from this practical observation that Faraday gave us these two laws of electromagnetic induction, which are stated thus:

1. Whenever there is a change in the magnetic lines of force or magnetic flux linking a circuit, an induced current is produced in the circuit.

2. The induced e.m.f produced in a circuit is as a result of the change in the magnetic flux linking the circuit.

The above is one of the simple presentations of Faraday’s two laws of electromagnetic induction.

The two separate diagrams below represent the classical depiction of Faraday’s two laws of electromagnetic induction.

Electromagnetic Induction According to Classical Physics

You can see from the first diagram (a) that when the magnet is moved towards the coil, the magnetic lines of force reaching the coil changes and current is induced in the coil and the galvanometer deflects to reflect this.

Also, from the second diagram (b), when the magnet is moved away from the coil, the magnetic lines of force reaching the coil changes and current is induced in the coil and the galvanometer deflects in the reverse direction in order to reflect this.

Notice from the two diagrams that the direction of current flow is always opposite to the direction of motion of the magnet. This is popularly known as Lenz’s law.

Formally, it states that:

• The induced current flows in such a direction such as to oppose the motion producing it  — Lenz’s law

“It is also often called Faraday’s second law of electromagnetic induction.”

I have just explained electromagnetic induction based on Faraday’s elucidation or classical physics. Now, I want to introduce you to how post-modern physics teaches us about electromagnetic induction, but before that let’s define what a line of force really is.

##### What Is the True Nature of Faraday’s Lines of Force?

Now, in post-modern physics, the above two laws of electromagnetic induction maintain their structural form but lose their conceptual form in the sense that the above two laws of electromagnetic induction are presented based on electrical mechanics but in post-modern physics, they are transformed to be based on relativistic mechanics.

This is not to say that electrical mechanics is wrong. I wouldn’t suggest that, but I will say that it is not fundamental and it’s solely a practical derivation.

But in post-modern physics, we arrive at the true fundamental explanation and presentation of electromagnetic induction that is based on relativistic mechanics which is the fundamental mechanics of all natural phenomena.

Faraday is given the credit for introducing in 1830 the concept of lines of force into physics, and it is what was applied above to explain electromagnetic induction based on Faraday’s two laws.

But with the insights about electromagnetism coming from post-modern physics, we are prompted to ask: what is the true nature of the lines of force.

In classical physics, the concept of the lines of force is applied separately to electricity and magnetism such that we have the magnetic lines of force for magnetism and the electric lines of force for electricity or charges.

This is why in the previous section I applied the magnetic lines of force following Faraday’s method to explain his two laws of electromagnetic induction. But are there such things as magnetic field lines? Could there be that there is something more about the concept of lines of force beyond what was conceived in classical physics?

In post-modern physics, we are coming to the realization that there are no such things as the magnetic lines of force but rather the electromagnetic lines of force. The electromagnetic lines of force are also what replaces the electric lines of force for charges.

In post-modern physics, we are coming to the realization that there are no such things as the magnetic lines of force but rather the electromagnetic lines of force.Click To Tweet

When you look at the above, you will see a unification of the formerly separate concepts of the magnetic lines of force and the electric lines of force into the electromagnetic lines of force.

This immensely significant unification comes from a deeper understanding of the nature of light in the atomic world. (You can read about the post-modern understanding of light in this scientific post).

Maxwell had given us an electrodynamic unification of electricity and magnetism, but post-modern physics has given us a relativistic unification of electricity and magnetism that is important for our understanding of these phenomena.

So, when I am talking about the unification of electricity and magnetism in this scientific article, I mean as it is as a result of the deeper of understanding of the nature of light that has emerged from absolute relativity and not from Maxwell’s kind of electrodynamics.

Despite Maxwell’s purported unification of electricity and magnetism, the concepts of magnetic lines of force and electric lines of force remained separated. This is a major criticism against Maxwell’s unification and which shows that it couldn’t have been right or at least complete.

We now have that in post-modern physics, all lines of force are electromagnetic lines of force and not either magnetic lines of force or electric lines of force.

In post-modern physics, all lines of force are electromagnetic lines of force and not either magnetic lines of force or electric lines of force.Click To Tweet

In the universe, there is no such thing as magnetism as it is due to magnetic lines of force or electricity as it due to the electric lines of force but only electromagnetism as it is due to the electromagnetic lines of force.

What causes the actions around a magnet or around a current-carrying-conductor is not a magnetic field but rather an electromagnetic field. We should take a cue from gravity.

So, we have only the electromagnetic lines of force around a magnet and around a current-carrying-conductor. What Faraday construe to be magnetic lines of force are actually electromagnetic lines of force.

Now, let’s discuss the concept of force as it is attached to the concept of magnetic field lines and to the new concept of electromagnetic field lines.

In Faraday’s analysis, we can say that he attached magnetic or electrical force to the magnetic field lines. I have decided to take it as electrical force because it was derived from electrical mechanics which is the practical investigation of electrical communication.

This force is also called Lorentz force and it is the force that is generally associated with every electrical body moving in an electric or magnetic field according to classical physics.

But in post-modern physics, the force attached to the electromagnetic field lines is electromagnetic force or you can call it absolute relativistic force because it was derived from absolute relativity or relativistic mechanics.

This magnetic force on an electrical body is expressed in the equation,

– Where F is magnetic force, q is the charge of the electrical body, v is its velocity and B is Flux density.

Whereas the electromagnetic force on an electrical body is expressed as,

– Where F is electromagnetic force, Ea is the energy in J/s2 and ac is the acceleration of light.

The magnetic force is gotten from electrical mechanics but the electromagnetic force is gotten from absolute, relativistic mechanics.

If you have an understanding of the conceptual structure of both mechanics, then you will see that the latter equation of the electromagnetic force is a purer field representation of force than the former equation of magnetic force.

Also, the second equation of electromagnetic force reveals to you the nature of light being exactly referred to to be the replacement for the magnetic field and the electric field.

The nature of light that replaces the magnetic and electric fields is that of an accelerating light wave which carries absolute force and the energy in J/s2. This is a profound understanding of light in the atomic world that is now revolutionalizing our understanding of electromagnetism.

So, the electromagnetic force being referred to is obviously a new kind of force that is associated with the energy in J/s2 and it is completely different from Newtonian force or the Lorentz force which you have always known and which is what the magnetic force is.

Read this my scientific article to know more about the distinction between this new kind of force called absolute force and the Newtonian force.

We have been talking about electromagnetism in relation to induction and the rest, but it hasn’t really been about electromagnetism until now. It was about magnetism and electricity but never about their unified existence.

Faraday was the first to suggest that what we call light could be an electromagnetic wave, and after Maxwell proved this, the new discovery did not reflect in Faraday’s analysis of magnetism and electricity until today.

Maxwell’s unification if complete and encompassing should have led to the practical unification of the concepts of electric and magnetic lines of force into the concept of electromagnetic lines of force.

So, when I tell you that the magnetic lines of force and the electric lines of force have been replaced by the electromagnetic lines of force, I do not refer to light as a constant speeding wave which is what it is outside the atomic world but as an accelerating wave which is what it is only in the atomic world.

When you see this great truth, you will then realize that all the effects attributed to the magnetic lines of force or the electric lines of force can be easily produced by an accelerating electromagnetic wave. This is a long-hidden mystery of electromagnetism that is the cornerstone of electromagnetic induction.

All the effects attributed to the magnetic lines of force or the electric lines of force can be easily produced by an accelerating electromagnetic wave.Click To Tweet

The concept of electromagnetic lines of force appears very real compared to the former concepts of magnetic and electric lines of force. This is because we are now dealing with light itself and not its separate aspects like before.

Thus, the study of electromagnetic induction is now really the study of electromagnetic induction.

With this understanding that there is no such thing as magnetic lines of force or electric lines of force but only the electromagnetic lines of force, let us proceed to the two post-modern laws of electromagnetic induction.

##### The Two Post-modern Laws of Electromagnetic Induction

In post-modern physics, we also come into contact with two laws of electromagnetic induction like before.

However, as will be shown and as is evident already, the post-modern theory of electromagnetic induction is not just a modification of the classical theory of electromagnetic induction, it is also a conceptual extension of it.

The presentation of the post-modern theory of electromagnetic induction begins by the restating of Faraday’s two laws of electromagnetic induction and it goes thus:

1. Whenever there is a change in the electromagnetic lines of force or electromagnetic flux linking a circuit, an induced current is produced in the circuit.

2. The induced e.m.f produced in a circuit is as a result of the change in the electromagnetic flux linking the circuit.

Notice how the concept of magnetic lines of force or flux has been replaced by the new concept of electromagnetic lines of force.

This goes to show that the induced current or the movement of free electrons in the circuit is as a result of the electromagnetic lines of force and not the magnetic lines of force. This is the basic understanding of the post-modern theory of electromagnetic induction.

The two diagrams 1 and 2 below show the post-modern theory of electromagnetic induction based on the above two laws.

You can see from the first diagram below that when the magnet is moved towards the coil, the electromagnetic lines of force reaching the coil changes and current is induced in the coil and the galvanometer deflects to reflect this.

Figure 1: The electromagnetic induction of a coil as a magnet moves towards it.

You can also see that the figure 1 goes further to show you that the lesser magnitude of the acceleration of light as ac< is what is responsible for the internal acceleration of the free electrons which is what constitutes the induced current.

The greater magnitude of the acceleration of light ac> moves in the opposite direction of the lesser magnitude of the acceleration of light ac< and this opposite direction of the greater acceleration of light would be the direction of free protons if they existed in the wire.

Both magnitudes of the acceleration of light carry force and energy in J/s2 that are what influence respectively the motion of free electrons and protons.

So, from post-modern physics, the electromagnetic lines of force linking a coil and a magnet are of two internal magnitudes related to the lesser and the greater accelerations of light.

The electromagnetic lines of force are of two internal magnitudes related to the lesser and the greater accelerations of light.Click To Tweet

This is an inherent property of the electromagnetic field lines that enable them to be responsible for what was formerly attributed to magnetism and electricity respectively.

Also from the second diagram below, when the magnet is moved away from the coil, the electromagnetic lines of force reaching the coil changes and current is induced in the coil and the galvanometer deflects in the opposite direction to reflect this.

Figure 2: The electromagnetic induction of a coil as a magnet moves away from it.

The electromagnetic lines of force responsible for the induced current are still the one of lesser acceleration of light.

Notice from the two diagrams how the direction of the lesser and the greater accelerations of light around the coil are always opposite to each other and how only the direction of the lesser acceleration of light responsible for the induced current is what opposes the direction of motion of the magnet.

We can use this situation to present an elevated presentation of Lenz’s law based on the direction of the lesser acceleration of light and not the direction of the acceleration of the free electrons which constitute the induced current and can go further to include the direction of the greater acceleration of light.

This new law would state that:

1. The lesser acceleration of light always moves in a direction such as to oppose the motion producing it  while the greater acceleration of light always move in the same direction as the motion producing it — The Law of Electromagnetic Motion in an Inducted Circuit

I have decided to call the above law the law of electromagnetic motion. In the Treatise, what you will find is the post-modern form of Lenz’s law based on only the direction of the lesser acceleration of light.

Also, the new poles of the magnet which are designated according to the two magnitudes of the acceleration of light have been discussed in some of my scientific articles. I want you to read them so that you will come to understand the whole post-modern idea of electromagnetism.

I have just explained electromagnetic induction based on post-modern physics. This will go further even to Ampere’s law for a current carrying conductor and to other aspects of electromagnetism until they have all been post-modernized just like quantum mechanics.

##### Crucial Discussion

Everything we called the classical or Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction was based on practical electrical mechanics but everything we now call the post-modern laws of electromagnetic induction is based on relativistic mechanics.

The latter reveals to us the causal description of electromagnetic induction and this is what has been presented in this scientific article.

We now have a new understanding of the concept of the lines of force. It no longer refers to the magnetic fields but to electromagnetic fields. This is the basic idea that has led to the post-modern theory of electromagnetic induction.

And as I have said, the nature or dynamics of light responsible for this is the accelerating light wave. Light accelerates in the atomic world and this is why electromagnetic induction occurs in the universe.

Light accelerates in the atomic world and this is why electromagnetic induction occurs in the universe.Click To Tweet

All that post-modern physics has done is to expose to us how the acceleration of light or an accelerating electromagnetic field is responsible for electromagnetic induction and for the motion of free electrons in a wire.

The magnetic field is not responsible for electromagnetic induction and it is, in fact, non-existent in the universe. There is no such thing as a magnetic field. We now call magnets what they are not because they exhibit magnetism.

The so-called field around a magnet is the electromagnetic field and not the magnetic field and the so-called field around a charge is not an electric field, it is an electromagnetic field.

One field is responsible for both the observed field effects of magnets and charged bodies and this one field is accelerating light.

All these go to show that in the study of component forces or fields, there are only two fields, which are the electromagnetic field and the gravitational field.

We have complicated physics by talking about the electric field and the magnetic field without understanding their true unified manifestation as light and not even knowing when to refer to it. A good look at classical and modern physics shows that this absurdity exists.

This post-modern understanding of electromagnetic induction and of the general phenomena of electromagnetism is new and I feel that there could be other aspects of electromagnetism that I haven’t touched.

But I know that all of these aspects can be satisfactorily explained by the concept of an accelerating electromagnetic field.

When we approach the electrical world, this is the only fundamental understanding that we need to have in order to understand what is happening in the electrical world.

##### Summary

This great scientific informs us about the post-modern theory of electromagnetic induction and it introduces us to the true two laws of electromagnetic induction which are a modification or a conceptual extension of Faraday’s two laws of electromagnetic induction from being based on the magnetic field to being based on the electromagnetic field.

According to these two post-modern laws of electromagnetic induction:

1. Whenever there is a change in the electromagnetic lines of force or electromagnetic flux linking a circuit, an induced current is produced in the circuit.

2. The induced e.m.f produced in a circuit is as a result of the change in the electromagnetic flux linking the circuit.

From the above, we now understand how electromagnetic induction is really and adequately caused by light or an accelerating electromagnetic field and not by the magnetic field as Faraday had taught us.

This new theory and understanding of electromagnetic induction will revolutionalize our practical application of induction for power generation and a whole lot of other things.

And this practical revolution can only be the natural result of the conceptual revolution of our understanding of electromagnetic induction from post-modern physics.

Until next time,

I will be here.

– M. V. Echa

#### M. V. Echa

My message is the universe, my truth is the universe, and this blog contains all you need to know about the universe, from the true nature of reality to the long-sought unity of the cosmos — which is the big picture!