The Post-modern Theory of Electrical Communication

Background

In my third year in university, I came to the resolve that one day I was going to answer the question: how does an electron move in a wire?

I felt that this question had not been resolved and I knew that the answer cannot be found in the basic engineering principles of electronics that I was studying but in a deeper understanding of space and time which I could only discover by relativity.

And now I am excited that the day I dreamt of has come and I will be answering in this scientific article the question, how does an electron move in a wire, by presenting the first ever post-modern theory of electrical communication.

The true understanding of electrical communication and how electrons move in a wire is about how the absolute motion of light influences the relative motion of electrons in a wire.

In order words, we cannot describe how electrons move in a wire without associating this description with light and its true nature and dynamics in the atomic world.

This is important because it will be the approach that will be applied in this article to explain the post-modern theory of electrical communication.

All the other approaches before now failed to describe the motion of electrons in a wire by associating it with the true nature of light in the atomic world and how it governs electrical communication. 

So, in this article, I will be showing you the post-modern theory of electrical communication based on the conceptual framework of absolute relativity. This will constitute the theoretical background of our study in this scientific article. 

The Classical Theory of Electrical Communication

When you look into electrical mechanics or physics, you will come across a fundamental law called Ohm’s law and this law states that the current flowing in a wire is directly proportional to the voltage across the two points of the wire.

This is mathematically stated as,

V = IR\;. \;\;\;. \;\;\;. \;\;\;. \;\;\;. \;(1)

– Where V is voltage, I is current and R is resistance of the wire and which is also the constant of proportionality.

From this basic Ohm’s law, we get the classical theory of electrical communication which informs us that electrons flow in a wire when there is a potential difference across the wire.

However, before this potential difference is applied, we have that the free electrons in the wire move in an uncoordinated manner. But when this potential difference is applied, their motion aligns and this constitutes what is called electric current.

The diagram below is a simple representation of the classical theory of electrical communication.

Figure 1: The classical theory of electrical communication based on electrical mechanics

As you can and see the battery is what provides the potential difference across the wire that causes the free electrons to move in the wire. And this potential difference V is represented by the positive and negative terminals.

According to the classical theory of electrical communication, the free electrons move from the positive terminal to the negative terminal constituting what is called current flow I.

The resistance R is then the resistance the wire offers against the moving free electrons or current.

We have in this section the simple classical explanation of how electrons flow in a wire based on Ohm’s law and it is a purely practical interpretation that can be refuted by another explanation in order to arrive at the truth about the existence of electricity.

But before I discuss this other explanation of electrical communication, I will like to, first of all, present my criticism of the classical theory of electrical communication just presented above.

Criticizing the Classical Theory of Electrical Communication

The above is how we have understood electrical communication and how free electrons move in a wire, but a good look at this theory shows that it is not associated with light.

The classical theory of electrical communication does not tell us how light directly produces or causes the motion of free electrons.

The classical theory of electrical communication does not tell us how light directly produces or causes the motion of free electrons.Click To Tweet

A part of this is caused by how the classical theory of electrical communication is derived. It is derived from a practical method that shows how voltage and current are related and it is from there that Ohm’s law and the above explanation was gotten from.

Experimentalists found out that electric current exists in a wire when a potential difference is applied across the wire and it was from this observation that the classical theory of electrical communication was derived.

But the post-modern theory of electrical communication is derived from relativistic mechanics. The post-modern theory of electrical communication is derived from the conceptual framework of absolute relativity which is the fundamental theory of the universe.

And with the discovery of the fundamental theory of the universe, we are forced to realize that the purely practical and classical theory of electrical communication and how electrons move in a wire cannot be all there is.

It is this new theory of absolute relativity that now teaches us how the nature of light in the atomic world is responsible for the existence of electricity and the movement of free electrons in a wire.

This is absolutely fundamental and it is how we can derive the true, causal theory of electrical communication in the universe.

And it is regrettable to say that the post-modern theory of electrical communication exposes certain fundamental properties of electrical communication that is not and cannot be included into the classical way of describing electricity, and even in all its mathematical equations, these fundamental properties of electricity are missing?

I will show you these fundamental properties of electricity or electrical communication in the presentation of the post-modern theory of electrical communication in the next section of this scientific post.

I want to make an explanation to further justify the position of the post-modern theory of electrical communication.

I know that from the classical theory of electrical communication when we apply a potential difference across a wire, the free electrons would move coordinatingly to produce current.

What I am saying is that this practical knowledge is not enough unless we know the conditions in the wire that predispose the free electrons to behave as such.

These internal, natural conditions are what bring us to investigate the nature of the atomic world where these free electrons are really moving in.

This realization is what shows the limit of our dependence on practical knowledge or the experiments we perform to study the phenomenon of electricity.

Thus, we cannot have the true theory of electrical communication unless we have the true understanding of the atomic world.

So, the theory of electrical communication is more than just observing the results of the application of a potential difference across a wire; we have to know what the world inside the wire looks like.

This is where the post-modern theory of electrical communication comes in to show us how electrical communication occurs from the perspective of the atomic world and not from the perspective of the experimentalist who being a non-atomic body is far removed from the operations of the atomic world. 

It is because of this that I have decided to take the classical theory of electrical communication as a non-causal explanation of why free electrons move in a wire when a potential difference is applied across the wire.

In fact, most engineering principles have never been causal and this has been one of the major reasons for my fascination for relativity and other kinds of fundamental physics.

The non-causal classical theory of electrical communication is a major criticism of the theory. And this criticism goes against the whole of electrical mechanics itself.

Electrical mechanics describes and presents engineering principles, equations and laws, yet it has not in any way described the true nature of electricity or why free electrons move in a wire.

One would expect this to be the case since even the former fundamental theories of science, modern relativity and quantum mechanics failed to describe the true nature of the universe.

The solely practical relevance of electrical mechanics can no longer continue to stand. This is because the true understanding of electricity will go a much longer way to sharpen our practical application of electricity for engineering accomplishments.

So, it is no surprise that only a new kind of fundamental physics will be what sets out to resolve the how and the why questions about electrical communication and the flow of electrons in a wire.

The resolution of the how and the why questions of electrical communication and the movement of electrons in a wire is due to the real and evident cause and effect relationship in the post-modern theory of electrical communication.

Without further discussion, let’s proceed to the post-modern theory of electrical communication.

The Post-modern Theory of Electrical Communication

The big question around electrical communication is this: when you apply a potential difference across a wire, what really happens?

The classical theory of electrical communication which has been presented above resolves the question at a non-causal level by not informing us about the true reason why free electrons move in the wire.

But the post-modern theory of electrical communication resolves the question at a causal level by first informing us that an accelerating light wave moves in the wire when a potential difference is applied across the wire.

The latter is how we will now proceed to lay down the foundation of the post-modern theory of electrical communication.

As I have said, the post-modern theory of electrical communication is based on relativistic mechanics and from this mechanics comes what is called the law of non-inertia.

The law of non-inertia which states that accelerated rest and accelerated motion are indistinguishable is the law by which we shall describe electrical communication and how electrons move in a wire.

In the post-modern theory of electrical communication, we are looking at how the preceding motion of light – the cause – produces the motion of free electrons or what we call current – the effect.

Listen: light, as have been repeatedly said, accelerates in the atomic world. So, when a potential difference is applied across a wire, an accelerating electromagnetic wave is produced across the wire carrying absolute force and energy in Joules/s2.

The above explanation is derived from the law of non-inertia and it is mathematically stated as,

 E_{{a}}^{2}=F^2\.a_{{c}}^{2}\;. \;\;\;. \;\;\;. \;\;\;. \;\;\;. \;(2)

It should be obvious that the above equation was deduced from a broader equation and it represents the case when mass is equal to zero. Also, take note of the kind of energy that an accelerating light wave carries and see that it is not the energy in Joules.

Now, it is by this force that accelerating light carries that it is able to cause the coordinated or the aligned motion of the free electrons in the wire to produce current. Without this unique behaviour of light in the atomic world, electrical communication will be impossible.

So, in the post-modern theory of electrical communication, we are not denying the motion of free electrons but we are describing it to be as a result of the acceleration of light across a wire and not the speed of light.

It is at this point that I must relate this situation to the classical theory of electrical communication.

We know that the average drift velocity of free electrons in a wire during conduction is very low. Usually, “for a metal with a current of 0.1A the drift velocity is about 0.00001 m/s”, yet electrical conduction seems to happen at a very high speed and within a very short time.

The classical theory of electrical communication explains this to be because the speed of light is greater than the speed of the free electrons in the wire, so because light moves at a high speed, it is able to influence the free electrons in a wire within a very short time.

According to the classical theory of electrical communication, that is why electrical communication occurs at a very fast speed which is not accountable by the drift velocities of the free electrons themselves.

Why I decided to discuss how the classical theory of electrical communication explains the speed of electrical communication is to explicitly show you one of the ways that the classical theory of electrical communication associates the motion of free electrons in a wire with the speed of light which is not correct.

Light travelling at a constant speed carries momentum and energy in Joules and due to the qualitative nature of motion cannot in any way influence or cause the motion of free electrons. (You may have to get my e-book to understand this.)

This is why we have to become aware of this and know that only an accelerating light wave can influence or cause the motion of free electrons because it would carry force and energy in Joules/s2.

This understanding is how we come to the truth about what causes electricity and the motion of free electrons in a wire and this is the acceleration of light.

Free electrons before the impression of the acceleration of light from the power source move about in a random manner due to the internal acceleration of light of the atoms of the wire. But when the acceleration of light is applied across the wire, they move coordinatingly due to this external acceleration of light.

The diagram below shows you the post-modern theory of electrical communication; it shows you why free electrons move in a wire.

The law of non-inertia and the post-modern theory of electrical communication

Figure 2: The post-modern theory of electrical communication based on relativistic mechanics

As you can see from the diagram, an accelerating light wave is moving across the wire and on the basis of its acceleration ac carries force F and energy Ea in Joules/s2. This is what moves the free electrons giving them acceleration a which, though not shown, is the basis for their own force F’ and energy E’a in Joules/s2. 

This is important. In both classical and modern physics, there is no mention whatsoever of this unique kind of energy that free electrons carry. The energy in Joules/s2 is the energy of electricity and of all electrical phenomenon.

The same thing applies to absolute force which the free electrons carry. Read this my article to understand the distinction between absolute force and Newtonian force.

The acceleration of light is the true field around a current varying conductor or wire and the post-modern theory of electrical communication is about how the acceleration of light causes the electrical motion of electrons and also all electrical phenomena.

In the above diagram, the role of the internal resistance of the wire is deliberately not emphasized since our focus is on relativistic mechanics and not on electrical mechanics, (and it could be that with time, we will find a relativistic way of presenting the concept of electrical resistance).

The Absolute Relativity of Electrical Communication

Also, from the diagram above, and from what has been discussed so far about the post-modern theory, one can infer that the three quantities of motion for the free electrons are less than the three quantities of motion for the acceleration of light.

As shown, the acceleration a of the free electrons is less than the acceleration of light ac; consequently, the absolute force of the free electrons F’ is less than the absolute force of the acceleration of light F and the energy E’in Joules/s2 of the free electrons is less than the energy Ea in Joules/s2 of light.

This is because of the absolute relativity of motion. The free electrons in a wire, no matter how they are impressed by absolute force and energy in Joules/s2, cannot accelerate greater than the acceleration of light.

This is a very important point that is related to how a non-charged body cannot speed faster than the speed of light.

But in the atomic world, it is different as presented above, and the above understanding in the previous paragraph concerning force and the energy in Joules/s2 is the one that is important for electrical communication. 

The New Understanding of Potential Difference

It is in this section on potential difference that the old concept of charge clashes once again with the new concept of the acceleration of light, though in a more subtle way. This will become clear as I proceed.

If you notice, in my explanations of the classical and the post-modern theories of electrical communication I have applied the concept of potential difference indiscriminately to both theories. This was not intended to remain this way.

In the classical theory of electrical communication, the potential difference across the wire refers to the voltage difference across the wire. And usually, in this section of the circuit, we will have a battery that produces this voltage potential difference.

And this voltage potential difference is usually represented by a positive terminal or pole and a negative terminal or pole that are both of the same voltage magnitudes like for example ±5 volts.

We know that according to the classical theory of electrical communication, the free electrons move from the positive terminal to the negative terminal. This is why the common depiction of the flow of current in a wire really represents how free protons would in the wire and not really the movement of free electrons.

So, for the non-causal description of electrical communication, the potential difference is usually indicated in volts and represented by what is called voltage. This potential difference is then what is represented by the signs of positive and negative volts.

And in this classical depiction of the flow of current in a wire in figure 1, the long thin line is used to represent the positive potential while the short thick line is used to represent the negative potential.

In the post-modern theory of electrical communication, the situation is different. The concept of potential difference refers to the lesser and the greater magnitudes of the acceleration of light.

So, in the post-modern theory of electrical communication, the battery is a chemical device that produces a potential difference in the acceleration of light which is in turn necessary to cause the movement of free electrons in a wire.

Formerly, in the classical theory of electrical communication, the battery is a chemical device that produces a potential difference in the voltage which is in turn necessary to cause the movement of free electrons in a wire.

This new way of conceiving potential difference in relation to the acceleration of light is what is diagrammatically presented at the power source A of the circuit 2 above for the post-modern theory of electrical communication.

As seen, the long line represents the greater acceleration of light > while the short line represents the lesser acceleration of light <. Both lines have the same thickness in the post-modern theory since we are dealing only with magnitudes.

As had been shown for the classical theory, the free electrons are moving from the terminal of positive volt or charge + to the terminal of negative volt or charge -, but in the post-modern theory shown above, the free electrons are moving from the terminal of greater acceleration of light > to the terminal of lesser acceleration of light <.

This is why the potential difference between the two terminals are now indicated by the lesser than and greater than signs and no longer by the positive and negative signs. This is the point where it becomes clear that the concept of charge is once again confronted by post-modern physics.

hostgator

In the causal, post-modern description of electrical communication, the concept of potential difference no longer refers to positive and negative voltages but to the lesser and the greater acceleration of light. 

In this post-modern era of physics, we are looking at acceleration potential difference A (not Amperes) and not at voltage potential difference V.

In this post-modern era of physics, we are now looking at acceleration potential difference A and not at voltage potential difference V.Click To Tweet

So, whenever we presume that we are increasing the current in a wire or the motion of free electrons in a wire, we do so not by increasing the voltage potential difference but by increasing the acceleration potential difference of light. The latter is the true understanding that we should now have about electrical communication.

The concept of potential difference no longer applies to voltage potential but to acceleration potential. This is the new understanding of potential difference and it is absolutely important in this scientific article.

This acceleration potential of light is what causes absolute force and the energy in Joules/s2 necessary to move the free electrons to exist in the wire.

Remember, that as the free electrons move from the terminal of greater acceleration of light > to the terminal of lesser acceleration of light <, free protons become what move from the terminal of lesser acceleration of light < to the terminal of greater acceleration of light >.

It is obvious that free electrons and free protons move in opposite directions in the wire and that they do so in relation to the causal, acceleration potential difference of light and not voltage potential difference which is now exposed to be vague and non-causal.

In addition, with the new concept of acceleration potential, we are free to depict the movement of free electrons in a wire to correspond their actual movement which as the diagram shows, the free electrons are moving towards the terminal of lesser acceleration of light <.

This is the direction of their true motion and not that of free protons that their true motion will be the reverse of that of the free electrons as they move towards the terminal of greater acceleration of light >. 

The acceleration potential difference of light from the power source is what creates an accelerating light wave carrying force across the wire and this light wave carrying force is what influences the free electrons to also accelerate carrying force.

This is the basic and concise understanding of the post-modern theory of electrical communication in terms of only absolute force without the so far inclusion of the energy in Joules/s2!

We must now have this post-modern understanding of power sources and their roles in electric circuits, which is that they don’t create voltage potential difference across a circuit rather they create acceleration potential difference across the circuit.

An electronic device

An Electronic Device

This acceleration potential difference is what causes an accelerating light wave carrying force to exist in the circuit. I think I will have to properly discuss this new and post-modern understanding of batteries and power sources in another scientific post. 

Crucial Discussion

The post-modern theory of electrical communication is encompassing and it cuts across the boundaries of physical science.

In the post-modern theory of electrical communication, we are seeing how The Theory of the Universe is giving account for electrical phenomena and for all phenomena, thus bringing all of science under one umbrella.

The same principle that has been applied in this article to explain electricity or how electrons move in a wire is the same principle that is applied to explain photoelectricity, to explain the emission of light and in fact, all atomic phenomena.

This shows that we have now discovered the long-sought simple and encompassing understanding of all things and that we have brought all scientific knowledge under the one theory.

We shall have only one picture of the universe and of all phenomena which is absolute relativity. This realization is paramount.

The basic understanding of electricity from this scientific article is borne from the basic understanding of the nature of light in the atomic world and this nature of light is the same and responsible for all atomic phenomena.

What is this nature of light that I am talking about? This nature of light that I am talking about is that light accelerates in the atomic world carrying absolute force and the energy in Joules/s2.

The above understanding of light is what is exactly applied to explain both electricity and photoelectricity which should have had one underlying explanation before but it was not so.

Before, electricity and photoelectricity were described differently, the former based on electrical mechanics and the latter based on quantum mechanics. This is no longer the case as both phenomena have become unified under one conceptual explanation derived from one theory called absolute relativity.

Another thing is that the post-modern theory of electrical communication exposes the limits of our dependence on practical investigation while at the same time showing us that we have gone beyond them.

This is important because it shows us that we have gone beyond the old scientific method or the sole reliance on practical science.

All these are the results of the fact that we now have the laws behind the laws and so we can rightly interpret the results of an experiment without being deceived by appearances.

There was no way we could have arrived at the post-modern theory of electrical communication by looking at the apparent relationship between current I and voltage potential difference V.

But now we have arrived at the post-modern theory of electrical communication by looking at the behind the veil relationship between force F and acceleration potential difference A (and the letter A does not represent Ampere).

One thing you will notice about the post-modern theory of electrical communication is how it is based on the relativistic mechanics and not on electrical mechanics like the classical theory.

This is the solely important way we will describe all phenomena in this post-modern era of physics.

Also, the post-modern theory of electrical communication is field based in that it describes the motion of electrons in a wire based on how they are directly influenced by the electromagnetic field.

The former classical theory of electrical communication was not truly field based in any sense. And now we must learn that all descriptions of electrical phenomena that do not give a clear and identifiable account of how light underlies these phenomena cannot be taken as true explanations and should at best be seen as ad hoc explanations.

What we are seeing in the post-modern theory of electrical communication is the real physics behind the phenomenon and how electrons move in a wire. What we had before was only useful probably for practical purposes but not for the true understanding of electricity.

Furthermore, as have been said above and which cannot be overemphasized, the classical theory of electrical communication is based on Ohm’s law, but the post-modern theory of electrical communication is based on the law of non-inertia or what I most times call the principle of non-inertia.

I think the law of non-inertia is more fitting in this case so as to appear obviously similar to the idea of Ohm’s law. The law of non-inertia is the fitting law for non-inertial reference frames and it is the analogy of the law of inertia for inertial reference frames.

This pervading law of non-inertia is the law by which interpret and understand all atomic phenomena in post-modern physics of which electrical communication and the movement of free electrons are one of them.

And so far in Echa and Science, I have been presenting to you every atomic phenomenon that I can remember and how they are governed by the law of non-inertia.

The crucial point in this section of this great scientific article is that the explanation of all atomic phenomena of which electrical communication is one of them have been brought under one conceptual mechanics or framework.

No more this mechanics for this atomic phenomenon and that mechanics for this other phenomenon. No, all atomic phenomenon governed by the law of non-inertia must be under one physics and this physics is relativistic mechanics.

Everything that you have been informed about the nature of light and the nature of the consequent movement of electrons in this article are due to the law of non-inertia and this law is the backbone of the post-modern theory of electrical communication.

The post-modern theory of electrical communication based on relativistic mechanics is the future of our exploration of electricity. I would have loved to talk more about this but I will probably do so in another scientific article and also I will like us to realize this as the new science progresses.

The post-modern theory of electrical communication based on relativistic mechanics is the future of our exploration of electricity.Click To Tweet

Nevertheless, the post-modern theory of electrical communication promises us that we shall greatly understand electrical phenomenon by relativistic mechanics and not electrical mechanics though for now, it may seem as though the practical purpose of electrical mechanics still lends it some relevance.

But as our understanding of the universe based on relativistic mechanics progresses to a deeper level, we will come to the complete realization of the practical purpose of relativistic mechanics for our study and application of electricity.

It is at this time which has already begun that relativistic mechanics will completely replace electrical mechanics. However, for now, relativistic mechanics has established itself as the foundation of our understanding of electrical communication and how free electrons move in a wire.

The new understanding of reality from the new science and the immense progress from particle physics are what will inevitably force us to abandon electrical mechanics and fully embrace relativistic mechanics and the potentials it offers to our exploration of electricity.

Summary

This article has presented the classical and the post-modern theories of electrical communication and it has shown us how and why the post-modern theory of electrical communication is the truth.

It informs us about the classical theory of electrical communication from our basic understanding of Ohm’s law which informs us about the connection between current or the movement of free electrons and voltage potential difference.

This scientific article goes further to let us know that the classical explanation is not the true explanation for the movement of free electrons in a wire and it proposes to us the post-modern explanation for the movement of free electrons in a wire.

The post-modern theory of electrical communication comes from the new and basic understanding of the nature of light in the atomic world which informs us about the connection between the acceleration or the movement of free electrons and the acceleration of light or acceleration potential difference.

The classical theory of electrical communication based on Ohm’s law is obviously different from the post-modern theory of electrical communication that is based on the law of non-inertia.

In this post-modern era of physics, it is by this law of non-inertia that we shall investigate, explore and understand electrical communication and this incredibly simple law is what teaches us about how an electron moves in a wire.

Until next time,

I will be here.

– M. V. Echa



M. V. Echa

M. V. Echa

My message is the universe, my truth is the universe, and this blog contains all you need to know about the universe, from the true nature of reality to the long-sought unity of the cosmos — which is the big picture!