This article is very similar to my last scientific article on the electron. The only difference is that in this article we will be talking about the proton and not about the electron.
So, like the other article, let’s begin this great scientific article with the central question: what is a proton in post-modern physics? We will address this question by first making a vital reference to what a proton is in modern physics.
Remember that it was during the modern era of physics and by the pioneering practical investigations of Ernest Rutherford that we came about the discovery and the modern definition of the proton.
The discovery of the proton came about when Ernest Rutherford bombarded a gold foil with heavy ‘positively’ charged helium atoms. He found out that some of the helium atoms were deflected away from the gold foil as though there was some clustered ‘positively’ charged particles in the atoms of the gold foil.
This clustered region would later be referred to as the nucleus and Rutherford proposed that the nucleus of the atom contained a ‘positively’ charged particle which he referred to as the proton.
So, it became that according to modern physics, the proton is described thus:
- The proton is as a positively charged sub-atomic particle e+.
The above is the core definition of a proton according to modern physics. We could have other extensions of the above modern description of the proton, one of which is that it is a particle that exists inside the nucleus, but this is not central to our discussion.
This is because I want you to note one thing about the modern definition of a proton which is that it is dependent only on the property of the proton, which, as assumed, is that it is a positively charged sub-atomic particle according to modern physics.
But in post-modern physics, we have a new definition of the proton and this has emerged because we now have a better understanding of the universe and the nature of the atom.
So, let me define what the proton is according to post-modern physics before I proceed to other things. In post-modern physics, the proton is defined thus:
- The proton is a sub-atomic particle that has charge e and that only responds to the greater acceleration of light >.
The above post-modern definition of the proton like that of the electron is two dimensional in that it is both field-based and particle based. This is unlike the modern description of the proton which is one dimensional in that it is only particle based.
The post-modern description of the proton is both particle based and field-based because it makes reference to charge and to the greater acceleration of light respectively. However, this is not the case for the modern description of the proton.The post-modern description of the proton is both particle based and field-based because it makes reference to charge and to the greater acceleration of light respectively.Click To Tweet
The post-modern description of the proton obviously criticizes or contradicts the modern description of the proton which bases its description of the proton on the concept of charge signs.
In modern physics, we have the negative and the positive charge signs and the proton is taken to have the positive charge sign while the electron is said to have the negative charge sign while maintaining that the magnitude of their charges is the same.
So, in modern physics, it is taken that the proton responds to negative charge while the electron responds to negative charge. But this modern description of the proton is obviously refuted by the post-modern description of the proton presented above.
In the above post-modern description of the electron, it is said that the electron is a sub-atomic that responds to the lesser acceleration of light. This insight replaces the idea that the electron responds to the positive charge.
Now, the lesser acceleration of light is one of the two fundamental magnitudes of the acceleration of light which arises and is related to the mass of the proton.
Listen: in the sub-atomic world, we no longer talk about the speed of light but the acceleration of light and the acceleration of light has two fundamental magnitudes due to the different masses of the electron and the proton.The acceleration of light has two fundamental magnitudes due to the different masses of the electron and the proton.Click To Tweet
So, because of this, both the electron and the proton have the same charge magnitudes e without regards to charge sign and they respond respectively to the two fundamental magnitudes of the acceleration of light, and for the proton, it responds to the greater magnitude of the acceleration of light.
In post-modern physics, the concept of charge sign is deemed superficial and having no relation to reality. Charge has an entirely positive or singular sign. There is no such thing as positive and negative charges in simultaneous interaction.Charge has an entirely positive or singular sign. There is no such thing as positive and negative charges in simultaneous interaction.Click To Tweet
We now have that the electron is a sub-atomic particle that has charge e and only responds to the lesser acceleration of light <. This is the basic understanding of the electron in post-modern physics.
And in post-modern physics, we would have that the electron is depicted as presented below:
The letter e placed above the proton is used to indicate the magnitude of charge which is what we have as 1.602 × 10-19 C and the greater sign > placed as a superscript above e is used to indicate the greater acceleration of light.
The above is how the proton is depicted in this great post-modern era physics. I have shown you that of the electron in my other scientific article.
A comparison of the former two charge signs and the current two fundamental magnitudes of the acceleration of light shows that we have been attempting to establish the true field to which the sub-atomic particles respond.
In modern physics, we assumed that the proton responded to a negatively charged field, but in post-modern physics, we take that the proton responds to the field of greater acceleration of light.
By making reference to light and not to charge sign in the latter, we are obviously making reference to a real (electromagnetic) field. This is an indication of why the post-modern description of the proton is right.
The former about a negative sign field is not about magnitude whereas the latter about the acceleration of light is about magnitude. This is what gives the measure of concreteness we have in the post-modern description of the proton and which is really needed for us to understand the nucleus and the entire sub-atomic world.
The new description of the proton is related to the post-modern particle accelerator principle and it is not incorporated in the modern interpretation of the operation of particle accelerators.
The greater of the two magnitudes of the acceleration of light is what gives us the field aspect of the description of a proton. So, know specifically that the proton only responds to the greater acceleration of light >.
Also, the proton still has charge which simply is e and it doesn’t have any relation to the sign of the charge. We are completely abolishing the concept of negative and positive charges from physics.
This is why if you look at the post-modern description of a proton, you will see that the two factors, charge and the acceleration of light, are only applied in their magnitudes.
The acceleration of light is what governs the motion of sub-atomic particles and not the differences in charge sign or magnitude. This discovery is what has forced us to redefine how we understand the proton and the electron.
Like for the post-modern description of the electron, the post-modern description of the proton is fundamental and encompassing and it also changes in a radical way the already understood modern structure of the atom which as I have promised will be definitely presented in the nearest future.
Finally, in post-modern physics, the proton is given a new two-dimensional definition as a sub-atomic particle that has charge e and that responds to the greater magnitude of the acceleration of light >.
Until next time,
I will be here.
– M. V. Echa
Addendum: In the beginning paragraphs of this article, I talked about ‘positively’ charged helium atoms. It is obvious that I do not subscribe to this.
Since I have abolished the concept of positive and negative charges at the particle level, it is therefore evident that it goes up to the atomic level.
So, I will discuss in a future article how to understand the new post-modern atomic charge and interactions. You can find what I have said about this in the Treatise.
Below is the scientific article about the electron that is very similar to this one about the proton. While this similarity may not be literarily satisfying, it is scientifically satisfying for it shows that the electron and the proton are mirror images of one another in post-modern physics.