Table of Contents
Subtitle: The Post-modernization of Quantum Mechanics
The Central Question
“God does not play dice with the universe.”
The above, which is the title of this article, is the central question that I want to resolve in this article. Before I proceed, I also want to inform you that I am about to embark on something important. I want to elevate quantum mechanics, and this article is my article of decision.
Quantum mechanics is one of the greatest achievements of the human mind in its attempt to comprehend the universe. It has provided insights into the nature of the atomic world, even though most of these insights are self-defeating.
They are self-defeating because they reveal the inherent limitations of quantum mechanics, in that quantum mechanics cannot make sense of phenomena in the atomic world or in the electrical universe.
At the heart of quantum mechanics is a vacuum of knowledge and unsatisfying non-causality. We have not been able to decipher the true nature of quantum mechanics and the (micro) world it describes.
Despite tremendous efforts by the early founders of quantum mechanics and its current proponents, we still have not been able to make sense of quantum mechanics. This is the sad fate of one of the greatest theories to ever emerge from physical science.
So, can we redeem quantum mechanics, and how? I shall be resolving this question in this article, so stay with me.
One of the curious minds to have questioned quantum mechanics is Prof. Lee Smolin. In his book “The Trouble With Physics“, he identified “the foundation of quantum mechanics” to be one of the five core problems of physics.
However, Lee Smolin is not the only one that has questioned the foundation of quantum mechanics. Others before him had greatly questioned quantum mechanics, and one of such persons was Albert Einstein, who even stated, while referring to the vagueness of quantum mechanics, that “God does not play dice with the universe.”
Albert Einstein believed in an underlying, predetermining theory behind quantum mechanics. He strongly believed that some underlying physics was going on that we have not yet discovered.
This led Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen to propose the EPR thought experiment which attempted to prove that quantum mechanics is incomplete. The EPR experiment predicts the existence of non-local interactions between two photons or atomic particles.
According to the EPR experiment, when two particles which were initially described by a single wavefunction become separated by a huge distance, they will still share the same wave function.
So, if the state of one of the particle is determined such that it is measured to be in a spin-up state, the other is instantly forced to be in a spin-down state. Einstein argued that this “non-local behaviour” permissible by quantum mechanics makes it incomplete.
Einstein dubbed this instantaneous communication “spooky action at a distance.” Thus, the state of a particle can be determined without any direct measurement, but by simply measuring the state of the other entangled particle.
Quantum entanglement has surprisingly being proved countless times and today physicists see it as the prove that classical mechanics is obviously flawed, and not that quantum mechanics is incomplete, contrary to Einstein’s original intent.
Even David Bohm proposed the existence of “hidden variables” behind the weird phenomena of quantum mechanics. Both views are clear about the non-finality of quantum mechanics.
However, in Bohr’s camp, quantum mechanics is final. It is the limit of what we can possibly know about the universe or the atomic world. This view held by Bohr, Heisenberg, and the rest, is conceptualized as the “Copenhagen interpretation” of quantum mechanics.
The Copenhagen interpretation is anchored upon two principles, which are the Heisenberg uncertainty principle and the Bohr’s principle of complementarity. Heisenberg uncertainty principle argues that we cannot simultaneously determine accurately the momentum and position of a particle.
Heisenberg Delivering a Lecture
The more accurate we are of the momentum of a particle, the less accurate we become of the position of the particle, and vice versa. This is the simple description of Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.
According to the technical interpretation of this principle, Bohr and his group contended that to measure the position of a particle, we must bombard the particle with photons and these photons in turn impact momentum on the particle.
And the more we want to accurately determine the position of the impact, the shorter the wavelength of the bombarding photon, and thus the more momentum the photon impacts on the particle.
When we now want to accurately ascertain the momentum of the particle, the longer the wavelength of the bombarding photon, but then the less accurate or certain it becomes to determine the position of the particle.
And for the complementarity principle, it emerges from the apparent dual nature of light. Light at certain conditions behaves like a wave, and in other conditions like a particle. These contradictory behaviours of light are accepted as by the Copenhagen interpretation as being an inherent nature of the atomic world.
I have shown you in this blog the true nature of light, and that light does not manifest as a particle of any kind. The complementarity principle is baseless in the light of post-modern physics which now illuminates us about the true operations of the atomic world beyond quantum mechanics.
This is why you have to get my e-book and also follow my articles on this blog. I want you to have a complete and true understanding of the cosmos, both at the macro and micro level. There are laws and principles beyond current standard physics.
The Copenhagen interpretation insists that quantum mechanics is complete, and that there is no deterministic reality behind the weird phenomena of the atomic world. In other words, no causal theory exists that can rationally explain the atomic world.
This conclusion was what Einstein and his camp objected and sought to refute. The epistemological implication of quantum mechanics was the bone of contention in the Einstein-Bohr debate at the Solvay Conference. Is quantum mechanics complete or not?
Physicists at the Solvay Conference held in 1927
Bohr was satisfied with his contention that quantum mechanics is the only fundamental theory of the atomic world, no other theory can discover any objective reality in the atomic world. To Bohr, quantum mechanics is final.
Einstein and the rest couldn’t identify what’s really wrong or incomplete about quantum mechanics, but in Echa and Science, we do and it is at this point, with the benefit of post-modern physics, that we come to the rescue.
I, like Einstein, asserts that not only is quantum mechanics incomplete, it is also not the fundamental theory of the atomic world. The fundamental theory of the atomic world and even of the entire universe is absolute relativity.
And in this article, I want to set the background of how we shall re-establish quantum mechanics by borrowing some of the fundamental concepts of absolute relativity. This is what I am going to do.
I must make it clear that the whole phenomena of the atomic world e.g. quantization, quantum entanglement, the double-slit experiment, can all be explained by absolute relativity, but I want to see what we can salvage from quantum mechanics.
To me, this is a kind of intellectual adventure, and also I think quantum mechanics is more redeemable than general relativity. So, if absolute relativity is the fundamental theory of the atomic world, what can we do with quantum mechanics other than to post-modernize it.
We will go about post-modernizing or re-establishing the foundation of quantum mechanics by first of all introducing the true absolute principle that governs the atomic world into quantum mechanics.
What is this principle? This principle is the (strong phase of the) principle of non-inertia. The principle of non-inertia is a principle which informs us that accelerated rest and accelerated motion are indistinguishable.
Remember, how we are able to understand uniform motion because of the principle of inertia. Now, the particles or charged bodies in an atom are all accelerating, so what we simply need to understand the atomic world is a pervasive principle that governs accelerated frames just as the principle of inertia governs uniform frames. And this principle is the principle of non-inertia.
Quantum mechanics as it currently stands lacks such a principle, and because of this, it is bedevilled by conflicting interpretations. This is why till today scientists cannot tell what the right interpretation of quantum mechanics is.
In order to re-establish the foundation of quantum mechanics, we will infuse this post-modern principle of non-inertia into quantum mechanics. Something similar to this has already being done by Paul Dirac when he unified quantum mechanics and special relativity.
However, if you look at it from core principles, he only succeeded in infusing the principle of inertia into quantum mechanics. The principle of inertia is the fundamental principle of special relativity, and for non-charged bodies moving in uniform motion.
But for the best result, the principle of non-inertia and not the principle of inertia should be infused into quantum mechanics. The principle of inertia does not apply in the atomic world, but the principle of non-inertia does.
This is why quantum mechanics has been puzzling since its inception, the atomic world does not only violate the principle of inertia, it is not at all governed by it! Rather the atomic world is governed by the newly discovered principle of non-inertia. The principle of non-inertia is the deterministic reality behind quantum mechanics.
I must inform you that neither Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle nor Bohr’s complementarity principle is as fundamental as the principle of non-inertia. In the atomic world, no principle of physical science is as fundamental as the principle of non-inertia. Understanding has come.
So, if we take Dirac’s unification as the unification of quantum mechanics and modern relativity, then the unification I am about to achieve should be taken as the unification of quantum mechanics and post-modern relativity.
Also, this post-modern unification is more radical than Dirac’s unification. This is because in Dirac’s unification, the domain of the atom is not considered in the equations, but in this post-modern unification, the domain of the atom is considered and in fact important.
This is because quantum mechanics as it currently stands describes the vital aspects of the universe without showing the differences in the nature of these vital aspects inside and outside the atomic world.
Of all the possible vital aspects, three are particularly important, which are: the experience of time, the (relative) nature of light, and the (dual) nature of energy. The experience of time, the nature of light and the nature of energy all differ inside and outside the atomic world.
So, the nature of these vital aspects of the universe outside the atomic world constitutes the domain of the observer. Now, listen, quantum mechanics so far has only being based on the nature of these three vital aspects outside the atom and not their nature inside the atom.
Until post-modern physics, the atomic world quantum mechanics has sought to describe has been a closed box. We have only modelled quantum mechanics as it can be modelled within the domain of the observer.
So, what we call modern quantum mechanics is an observer based quantum mechanics. However, post-modern quantum mechanics will be an observer-atom based quantum mechanics.
In post-modern quantum mechanics, we shall consider the true behaviour of phenomena in the atomic world, and how they translate differently to an observer outside the atomic world.
The nature of these three vital aspects outside the atom would be associated with the principle of inertia, while the nature of these three vital aspects inside the atom would be associated with the principle of non-inertia.
This new way of looking at quantum mechanics is made possible by the unified field theory. In this article, I want to bluntly attack modern quantum mechanics from a different angle than Einstein’s. So, let’s proceed to show the three profound questions against modern quantum mechanics.
The Experience of Time in the Atomic World
While I will discuss extensively in a future article how time is experienced in the atomic world, I still want to simply inform in this article you that we shall be looking in the observer-atom based quantum mechanics at how the observer experiences time differently from atomic particles.
Modern quantum mechanics neglects this, so it is very incomplete, and in fact, it doesn’t fit as the true description of the atomic world. Rather for some reasons, which you will definitely know about, modern quantum mechanics only describes how the operations of the atomic world translate outside the atom.
So, furnished with the knowledge of post-modern physics, one must ask: if modern quantum mechanics is complete, then where is the true description of the experience of time in the atomic world in modern quantum mechanics?
This question accentuates that time, and I mean true absolute time, is not experienced the same inside and outside the atomic world. I will discuss this extensively soon, as I go about post-modernizing quantum mechanics.
Understanding the true experience of time in the atomic world will be our first step in re-establishing and introducing causality into quantum mechanics.
The Nature of Light in the Atomic World
I have taught you that in the atomic world light accelerates. Light only maintains a constant speed outside the atomic world. Taking a good look at modern quantum mechanics, you will see that the acceleration of light is completely missing.
Modern quantum mechanics had proceeded to model the atomic world without the light of atomic physics. Where is the acceleration of light (aceleritas) in modern quantum mechanics? Modern quantum mechanics cannot answer this question.
I am very dissatisfied at the fatal conclusion of the Copenhagen interpretation that modern, non-causal quantum mechanics is the final truth about the atomic world. Listen to me, you must never doubt your ability to comprehend the universe.
I want to restore scientific faith to you. Believe! There is always reason and coordinating principles behind every apparently weird phenomenon of nature. Modern quantum mechanics wrongly denies causality which is the founding principle and urge for scientific enquiry.
Quantum mechanics is not only very incomplete, it ain’t true. We have been missing vital components of the atomic world necessary to give us the comprehension of all things, and the Copenhagen interpretation is a wrong and hasty conclusion.
The Nature of Energy in the Atomic World
I want to, first of all, tell you that these three vital missing components of quantum mechanics are connected. Now, I have taught you that in the universe there are two forms of energy. One is the energy in Joules and the other is the energy in Joules/s2.
The energy in Joules exists only outside the atomic world, while the energy in Joules/s2 only exists inside the atomic world. So, look now at modern quantum mechanics, and you will find that the energy of atomic physics is missing. Where is the energy in Joules/s2 of the atomic world in modern quantum mechanics?
All these unresolvable questions by modern quantum mechanics reveal how far off quantum mechanics is from the truth. Causality exists in the atomic world. The principle of non-inertia is the principle behind all the supposed weird behaviour of the atomic world.
And if we follow Occam’s razor, we will have to do away with the many vague and currently limiting interpretations of quantum mechanics which have perplex us by complicating the otherwise simple nature of the atomic world. We should boldly base (post-modern) quantum mechanics on only the sufficient principle of non-inertia.
Post-modernizing Quantum Mechanics
In Echa and Science, we will post-modernize quantum mechanics by carefully inserting into it the true description of time in the atomic world, the acceleration of light and energy in Joules/s2.
This will obviously transform quantum mechanics and bring out a new picture of the atomic world. All these new concepts to be inserted or infused into quantum mechanics stand upon the backbone of the principle of non-inertia.
This core principle of the universe will now be duly recognized and represented in post-modern quantum mechanics. This is how I intend to redeem quantum mechanics.
To be sincere, when I was writing Absolute Relativity, I had included quantum mechanics in the earlier versions, but on second thought, I found out that there was really no need for that, since absolute relativity could very well describe all the weird phenomena of quantum mechanics on its own.
Absolute relativity is a self-sufficient description of the universe. However, soon after I completed Absolute Relativity, I looked into our current physical theories in order to see how absolute relativity altered my former understanding of them.
In the process, I then conceived the thought of post-modernizing quantum mechanics, as it became obvious to me that modern quantum mechanics is incomplete. I became aware of some of the transformations that would happen to quantum mechanics when vital concepts like the acceleration of light and the energy in Joules/s2 are inserted into it.
Now, while absolute relativity is sufficient for a complete understanding of the universe, we shall not, at least for now, do away with our physical theories. We can in a way make them cleave to The Theory of the Universe.
This is what this article is all about. I am set to make quantum mechanics cleave to absolute relativity. You too can be a part of this great move. Science in this era shall be made inerrant. No more blind arguments and refutations.
Special relativity and classical physics have been completely absorbed and re-defined by absolute relativity. However, for general relativity, only its identification of two equivalence principles in the universe was absorbed and are now unified in absolute relativity.
The rest of general relativity, I think, cannot cleave to absolute relativity. This is because general relativity deviates from Euclidean geometry, whereas absolute relativity and other physical theories adhere to Euclidean geometry.
The geometrical harmony of the universe is not something to joke with. The unity of the universe is in geometry and not in absolute principles. Reimann geometry is alien to the universe.
This geometrical harmony I am talking about is not that based on physical space and time, but that based on metaphysical space and time. You must understand this distinction. Physical space and time are external and non-experiential, but metaphysical space and time are internal and experiential.
I have talked about absolute, metaphysical space and time in some of my articles, and I hope to say more in the future. So, in absolute relativity, Euclidean geometry is given a metaphysical meaning and not a physical meaning. I really will enlighten you about this soon.
It is in this elevated status that we can perceive Euclidean geometry as the geometry of the universe. In absolute relativity, we move beyond the description of Euclidean motion only as physically observable lines or paths to our internal experiences of motion.
The external observations of motion come second to the internal experiences of motion. All our physical laws and principles are dependent on external observations, but the true metaphysical laws of the universe are dependent on our internal experiences of motion, of which inertia is most paramount.
A Crucial Caveat
There is a crucial caveat that I must point out concerning this great work of post-modernizing quantum mechanics. This crucial caveat is that post-modern quantum mechanics, just like modern quantum mechanics, is not in itself a theoretical framework for understanding the universe.
True understanding still comes from absolute relativity. However, the purpose of this venture is simply to refactor quantum mechanics like an engineer, such that the mathematical framework of quantum mechanics still remains the same but the underlying interpretations have changed.
To give room for surprises, I must say that quantum mechanics only for now does not capture the hidden or underlying principles of the universe. Relativity and not quantum mechanics is the theory of the cosmos, and this may have to remain so until a new theory is discovered.
Relativity has proved itself to be the framework upon which the universe was designed. The universe cannot be based or operate according to two different and even unifiable frameworks.
Quantum mechanics and other physical theories are theories of our own creation, but absolute relativity is the theory of God.
Having understood this, let this great work begin.
– M. V. Echa