Table of Contents
Subtitle: Gravity and the Significance of the Mass Ratio η
A Thought to Consider: Formerly in classical and modern physics, the electromagnetic force and the gravitational force were discussed as two separate forces, but today, in post-modern physics, we discuss these two forces as the component forces of the gravi-electromagnetic force.
Ladies and gents, today and in this great scientific article, I want us to answer the important question: Why does gravity only attract? This is a very important question that has been asked by many scientists and until today it has not been answered.
What raised this question is the obvious mathematical similarity between the electromagnetic interaction and the gravitational interaction yet the electromagnetic interaction exhibits attraction and repulsion while the gravitational interaction exhibits only attraction.
The above emphasizes the fact that both interactions follow the inverse square law yet they are different in how they govern the interactions of bodies. In classical physics, both interactions follow the inverse square law so similarly that you will be puzzled by why gravity only attracts and light doesn’t.
However, in this scientific article, I have decided to discuss on two levels why gravity only attracts. In the first level, I will be discussing gravity as a component of gravi-electromagnetic wave.
In this case, I will only discuss how the gravitational force is different from the electromagnetic force and how these differences cause light to be able to attract and repel bodies while gravity can only cause bodies to attract.
Then on the second level, in another section, I will discuss at the complete field level why gravity only attracts. Both levels of discussion are related and either of them can be presented as the answer to the question raised by this article, but the second level goes deeper and it is more encompassing.
Gravity as a Component of Gravi-electromagnetic Wave
Now, classical physics will probably explain why gravity only attracts and light doesn’t to be as a result of the fact that for the electromagnetic interaction which is based on charge we have the negative and the positive charges but for the gravitational interaction which is based on mass we have no such inversion of mass.
It is important that we learn from classical physics that the only way we can know why gravity only attracts is by comparing gravitational interaction with electromagnetic interaction, but of what use is this exercise if we are wrong about the true nature of both interactions and especially of the electromagnetic interaction.
(This scientific article is not concerned about how we are conceptually wrong about the nature of gravity since it doesn’t really affect why gravity only attracts, but you can read some of my scientific articles on gravity to get the post-modern understanding of it.)
This is why the presented explanation by classical physics is rendered invalid by post-modern physics. This is because in post-modern physics the electromagnetic interaction is based on the acceleration of light and not on charge.
This is how we have been wrong about the electromagnetic interaction and therefore the results of our comparison of it and the gravitational interaction. It is at this point that it becomes necessary to place this scientific article on its post-modern foundation.
In post-modern physics, we are explicit about the fact that the electromagnetic interaction is governed by light and not charge just as the gravitational interaction is governed by gravity.
So, in post-modern physics, we are more informed about the nature of the electromagnetic interaction than we were before in classical and modern physics.
It then results that in post-modern physics, the electromagnetic interaction is more complex than the gravitational interaction in a way that classical physics could not have determined.
This situation is like how we would expect a more complex system to have more functions that a less complex system.
What is this added complexity of the electromagnetic interaction? In post-modern physics, this added complexity is that the electromagnetic interaction involves mass and not only charge as classical physics informs us.
So, we have this important information about the electromagnetic and the gravitational interactions in post-modern physics: The electromagnetic interaction involves both charge and mass whereas the gravitational interaction involves only mass.The electromagnetic interaction involves both charge and mass whereas the gravitational interaction involves only mass.Click To Tweet
This above is the important reason why the electromagnetic interaction and the gravitational interaction are not so mathematically similar after all.
This new understanding of the electromagnetic interaction is a result of the discovery of the acceleration of light, and the involvement of charge and mass is as a result of this. This is evident from what is called the light equation in post-modern physics.
It is not hard to conceive that the reason why the electromagnetic interaction or light can cause the attraction and repulsion of bodies is due to how it involves charge and mass in the movement of electrical bodies. The gravitational interaction can only attract because it involves only mass.
We will still go further about this: In the gravitational interaction of two bodies, mass is introduced as the product of the masses of the two bodies, but in the electromagnetic interaction of two bodies, mass is introduced as the ratio of the masses of the two bodies.
We know that for two bodies, the product of their masses can only produce one result, but for two bodies, the ratio of their masses can produce different results except in the case where their masses are equal. In such a case, the ratio of their masses will be equal to one or unity.
Now, the whole phenomenon of electromagnetic attraction and repulsion is as a result of the mass ratio which is stated thus in post-modern physics:
1. When the mass ratio η between any two electrical bodies is equal to unity, there will be repulsion between both bodies.
2. When the mass ratio η between any two electrical bodies is other than unity, there will be attraction between both bodies.
(The general representation of the mass ratio of any two charged bodies during electromagnetic interaction is what is represented by the eta sign η in post-modern physics.)The whole phenomenon of electromagnetic attraction and repulsion is as a result of the mass ratio.Click To Tweet
When both the electromagnetic interaction and the gravitational interaction are compared, you will easily see that the mass ratio does not exist for the gravitational interaction which is based on the product of masses.
Also, the mass ratio should be seen as an added property of the electromagnetic interaction which makes it different from gravitational interaction. This is because the position mass occupies in the gravitational interaction is the same position that charge occupies in the electromagnetic interaction.
So, if we compare both interactions based on this, then there should be no difference between them, in that both should be attractive interactions. This is why gravity only attracts has been a puzzle.
However, there is a difference between the electromagnetic and the gravitational interactions and this is because the electromagnetic interaction goes further to involve mass in its manifestation.There is a difference between the electromagnetic and the gravitational interactions because the electromagnetic interaction goes further to involve mass in its manifestation.Click To Tweet
So, this scientific article is informing us about the mass ratio which is the cause of the distinction between the electromagnetic interaction and the gravitational interaction and to know that it is why the electromagnetic interaction can be both repulsive and attractive.
Having the proper understanding of the above, it becomes easy to see why gravity is only an attractive force for all bodies and not an attractive and repulsive force like light is for all electrical bodies.
Post-modern physics is making us recognize the importance of numerical ratios in our study of natural phenomena. It appears also as the delta number when we want to look at the absolute relativity of motion in both the atomic and the non-atomic worlds.
Whenever numerical ratios appear, it has the tendency of determining the character of the phenomenon like it has done for the electromagnetic interaction.
This is why I am convinced that if the gravitational interaction were based on the ratio of masses and not on the product of masses, it would have been both an attractive and a repulsive phenomenon.
Now, in post-modern physics, we are aware that both the electromagnetic interaction and the gravitational interaction involves mass but they do so differently in that the electromagnetic interaction involves mass ratio while the gravitational interaction involves mass product.
So, for any two bodies and in their respective frames, the mass product of their gravitational interaction is the same but the mass ratio of their electromagnetic interaction is different.
We can on this account say that gravity only or always attracts because it is dependent on mass product which is always the same and not on mass ratio which is not always the same as evident for the electromagnetic interaction.
The Gravi-electromagnetic Wave
In the previous section, we discussed why gravity only attracts taking that gravity is underlyingly a component of the gravi-electromagnetic wave. But when we have to look at the gravi-electromagnetic wave itself, quite a new and simple reason why gravity only attracts emerges.
What is this reason? This reason is that the effects we attribute to gravity are actually the effects of the gravi-electromagnetic wave on bodies. Gravity has no independent existence in the universe.The effects we attribute to gravity are actually the effects of the gravi-electromagnetic wave on bodies.Click To Tweet
Gravity only acts as a component of gravi-electromagnetic wave. So, the right question we should be asking is, why does the gravi-electromagnetic wave only attracts?
In this case also, we are comparing the nature of gravi-electromagnetic interactions with the electromagnetic interactions because light, unlike gravity, exists as an independent non-mechanical wave in the universe.
In a simplified answer, the gravi-electromagnetic wave only attracts because it can never be isolated or absent from the interactions of bodies. This is why gravity cannot be isolated in the universe and so far in experimental physics.
The gravi-electromagnetic wave being the wave of creation and the constituent of matter is always what establishes the connection between bodies in the universe. Bodies are always connected by the gravi-electromagnetic wave. This is why the gravi-electromagnetic wave always causes bodies to attract.
But in a new revelation from post-modern physics, the electromagnetic wave does not always connect electrical bodies. This is what causes the repulsion of electrical bodies during electromagnetic interactions.
During repulsion, the phase difference of the electromagnetic wave is zero, and this is what causes these electrical bodies to repel. Repulsion is due to the absence of a connecting electromagnetic wave between electrical bodies and this is related to the mass ratio discussed to apply to electromagnetic interactions.
(I want you to read the scientific article above so that you will understand the new theory of the electromagnetic interactions of electrical bodies.)
For the gravi-electromagnetic interaction, the mass ratio does not apply but the mass product, which is what was discussed above for gravity, and this is what causes the gravi-electromagnetic wave to always be present as a connection between bodies so that there is never a case of repulsion.
This scientific article addresses the question, why does gravity only attract, and it does so by giving us a more informed understanding, which is that the actual question should be, why does the gravi-electromagnetic wave only attract?
This is because gravity always acts as a component of the gravi-electromagnetic wave. Remember that we cannot observe gravity. This is why. Gravity is a component of the superluminal gravi-electromagnetic wave.
So, because the gravi-electromagnetic wave is the wave of creation and that is ever present in the universe and between bodies, bodies can only be attracted to each other by it.
But the electromagnetic wave is not always present between bodies and because of this electrical bodies can repel each other.
Now, post-modern physics goes further to inform us that the mass ratio is what determines whether light and the gravi-electromagnetic wave can be ever present or not, in that because of the presence of the mass ratio in electromagnetic interactions, the electromagnetic wave can be absent or present between electrical bodies and this is what causes the electromagnetic wave to either attract or repel electrical bodies.
But because of the absence of the mass ratio for gravi-electromagnetic interactions, the gravi-electromagnetic wave can only be ever present between bodies. This is why the gravi-electromagnetic wave only attracts and not really gravity.
Until next time,
I will be here.
– M. V. Echa