Table of Contents
String theory resolves the problem of quantum gravity.
String Theory Finally Unifies Physics: Introduction
“We cannot solve a problem with the same level of thinking we used when we created it.”
In this great and long awaited scientific article, I am going to reveal to you the three simple theses and the new level of thinking by which string theory finally unifies physics, thus resolving the most difficult problem in all of science, which is the conceptual problem of quantum gravity.
Also, I am going to show to you an insightful and empirically testable prediction of string theory when you follow these three theses. This is why this article heralds the third revolution of string theory, and it marks the beginning of your understanding of the unity of the universe.
So, if you are a string theorist, this article is especially for you. Yes, you! For the day which you have long waited for has come, for today string theory establishes itself as the master theory without hype and complex mathematical abstractions, but with sound scientific hypotheses and remarkable simplicity.
Since its inception, string theory has been purported by a major part of the scientific community as the only hope for the unified field theory. However, for the past 40 years and having undergone two revolutions, string theory has still not attained this grand expectation because of some seeming unresolvable challenges.
In further details, string theory which stems from the amazingly simple premise that the universe consists of tiny vibrating strings disappointingly bedevils us because it is buried in complex mathematical abstractions which lead to the current lack of connection between string theory and reality.
This lack of connection of string tbeory to reality is a consequence of these three outlined major challenges confronting string theory:
1. What is String Theory?
2. The Multiplicity of the Dimensions of space
3. The Multiplicity of Forces and Particles
It is without a doubt that solving the above challenges of string theory inevitably solves the problem of quantum gravity, and these three major challenges of string theory have been resolved by three remarkably simple theses that I wholeheartedly want to summarily present to you in this article.
However, for a clear scientific grasp of these theses, their mathematical representations and implications, and also the unrepresented subtleties in this article, you would have to get the book on string theory, and also be on the look out for my future articles in this blog. We shall bring together everything that concerns the universe in Echa and Science.
Now, to begin with the first challenge of string theory:
What is String Theory?
Just as our classical understanding of wave motion identifies a kind of matter as a string or physical background, and a form of energy to do the waving, string theory begs for such analogy and so far there is none.
The non-availability of this analogy renders string theory vague at its base and lacking of any philosophical implication or background of which it has been criticized in some quarters.
You can not separate the definition of string theory from its philosophical implication, and the absence of a clear definition of string theory is the most perplexing conundrum which if resolved would resolve the other two problems listed above. So, my friend, what is string theory and what is the philosophical implication of string theory?
How have these problems been resolved in post-modern physics?
To resolve these problems, space has been restored in its absolute sense in that it is a real essence as Newton taught us and it is the string of string theory, and should no longer be taken as a mere abstract concept by which we model physical reality as modern relativity asserts.
Now, after identifying space as a real essence and not an abstraction, the major and more dominant form of energy or wave in space, which is the string, is gravi-electromagnetic wave.
There are only two fundamental non-mechanical waves in the universe, one is the electromagnetic wave which we are familiar with, and the other is the gravi-electromagnetic wave which before now you did not know about but is described in The Theory of the Universe which upholds strongly and is founded on the central thesis of string theory.
Now, gravi-electromagnetic wave or the G-wave is more important for string theory because it constitutes the unified field, and it is important when we want to accurately describe the underpinning factors of accelerated frames and the underlying cause of matter, whether ponderable (non-charged) or electrical (charge) bodies, while electromagnetic wave or the E-wave, which is light, is important when we want to accurately describe the underpinning factors of uniformly moving frames.
Recognizing space as being absolute, string theory now proceeds to unify the mathematical framework of relativity with absolute space resulting in the first ever grand synthesis of the philosophy of absolutism of classical physics and the adopted philosophy of relationism of modern physics.
This new philosophical synthesis which I refer to as absolute-relationism is the true philosophical background and implication of string theory, and which today launches the new era of post-modern physics.
String theory now informs us that these two great philosophies of science, absolutism and relationism, are the two aspects of a deeper philosophy called absolute relationism. This new philosophy is the untrodden path to the theory of everything.
So, I want you to know today that string theory is no longer a unification theory without philosophical implications, and it proposes the greatest philosophical synthesis of all time, which is the philosophy of absolute relationism.
You should take note of this philosophy when you begin your study of The Theory of the Universe, for no longer shall these two great philosophies of science, absolutism and relationism, stand apart, no longer.
So, what is string theory?
The above definition founds string theory as the book of nature which furnishes anyone with the true knowledge of the cosmos. Also, the above definition of string theory now establishes two branches of string theory.
The first is electrodynamics and the other is gravi-electrodynamics, which is a new branch of string theory. All phenomena of nature can be clearly described by these two conceptual frameworks of string theory.
Definition of String Theory
Now, let’s proceed to see how the definition of string theory above resolves the second and even the third listed problems of string theory.
The Multiplicity of the Dimensions of Space
String theory was formerly founded on 10 dimensions of space, and because of this, string theory has been heavily criticized for being non-intuitive and improbable, but not anymore, for today it has gladly resolved this problem of the multiplicity of the dimensions of space by a remarkably simple and intuitive thesis.
Now, furnished with the presented definition of string theory, one realizes that since there exist two fundamental waves in the universe, it is therefore physically imperative that there exist two forms of strings or space to carry these waves.
The first string or form of space carries the electromagnetic wave and it is in this string with its three dimensions that uniform motion occurs in the universe, while the second string or form of space carries the gravi-electromagnetic wave and it is in this string also with its three dimensions that accelerated motion occurs in the universe.
Understanding the above is the key to understanding motion and how the universe works. String theory no longer increases the dimensions of space which has no intuitive connection to our experience of the universe.
Just as we have identified three dimensions of space corresponding to the three directions of motion, so also today should you realize that there are two forms of space corresponding to the two forms of motion, uniform and accelerated motions.
The absence of the aspect of form in the entire edifice of science is the gravest error that hindered us from a simple, inerrant understanding of the universe.
String theory, in an attempt to unify the four forces in the universe, extended the dimensions of space beyond the three recognizable and existent dimensions, and I want to let you know that this erroneous path was taken because we hadn’t recognized the two forms of space.
So, this simple thesis preserves our intuitive notion of 3-dimensions in the two forms of string or space that propagate the two forms of motion, uniform motion and accelerated motion.
These 2 forms of string or space are mathematical and are clearly conceptualized and expounded in The Theory of the Universe, and are introduced in this other article, but not in this article been read so as to ease clarity and understanding for now.
Also, just as electrodynamics is concerned with the relationship between electromagnetic wave and uniformly moving frames, so is gravi-electrodynamics, the new branch of string theory, concerned with the relationship between gravi-electromagnetic wave and accelerated frames.
And let me gladly inform you that string theory has demystified even the so-called dark energy. Dark energy is simply gravi-electromagnetic energy, and it is the form of energy that exclusively accompanies accelerated frames.
I want to put it to you that the discovery of dark energy reveals that there is another kind of wave in the universe which is not the familiar electromagnetic wave, but the newly exposed gravi-electromagnetic wave.
And just as Einstein already showed us in special relativity how electromagnetic energy accompanies uniformly moving bodies, so has string theory showed us today how gravi-electromagnetic energy accompanies accelerating bodies.
I want you to realize today that there are two aspects for describing space. One is the established aspect of dimension and the other is the hidden but now revealed aspect of form.
Our current model of physical reality undermines the aspect of form by recognizing only 1 form of space; however, the problem of the multiplicity of space is resolved by properly recognizing the aspect of form, and by the simple idea that there exist 2 forms of space or strings in the universe.
You may wonder how these two forms of space co-exist. Well, let me gladly tell you. You know that the aspect of dimension is what permits any two dimensions of space to lie orthogonally to each other.
No two dimensions of space lie or co-exist on the same plane. Now the aspect of form is what permits any two forms of space to lie non-orthogonally to each other. They could literally lie or co-exist in the same plane.
This is why the aspect of form has been hidden for ages until now. So, taking orthogonality as the crucial factor to discern between both aspects of space, reveals that the aspects of dimension and form are fundamentally converse.
Also, to further assist you to understand these two forms of strings. You know how you feel different resistances when you move in air and in water. In air, you feel a lesser resistance than when you move in water.
Now, at a fundamental level, this same above analogy applies to the motion. During uniform motion, you are moving in a form of space different from the form of space you move in during accelerated motion, and this is related to the reason why you don’t feel inertia during uniform motion, but feel inertia when you move in accelerated motion.
In a nutshell, just as a guitar has six forms of strings, each with three dimensions; just imagine the universe as having two forms of strings, each with three dimensions. I trust that you now get it.
This unique insight has absolved string theory of the need to multiply the dimensions of space and forced it to redefine the crucial aspects of physical reality like inertia, light, gravity etc. in amazingly simple manners that take us away from the current crisis in modern physics, establishing string theory anew and in a manner reconcilable to our intuitive understanding of the universe.
So, the challenge of the multiplicity of spatial dimensions is resolved by this thesis:
By this second thesis string theory now unifies the aspect of dimension which is associated with the quantitative essence of the universe with the aspect of form which is associated with the qualitative essence of the universe, and no longer shall these two great aspects or essences of the universe stand apart, no longer.
Now, let’s proceed to the third challenge of string theory:
The Multiplicity of Forces and Particles
The third problem of string theory is the multiplicity of forces and particles. According to the standard model, there are four fundamental forces in the universe, that govern and account for the myriad particles in the universe.
They are the electromagnetic force, the gravitational force, the weak force, and the strong force, and the aim of string theory is to unite these four forces in the universe, and also justifiably account for the zoo of particles found in the cosmos.
What I want to show you now is how string theory reduces the four forces in the universe according to the standard model to just a single force, and still remarkably justify the myriad particles in the universe. This idea satisfactorily makes string theory much simpler and encompassing than the standard model.
So, what is this idea?
Now, from a theoretical and comprehensive investigation of gravi-electromagnetic wave, especially its behaviour in the atom, one arrives at the profound idea that light accelerates relative to electrical bodies. This particular conundrum is resolved without any shred of doubt by this simple realization.
We have always known that the speed of light is constant, now I want to inform you that this only applies to all ponderable (non-charged) bodies, but that for all electrical (charged) bodies light accelerates.
You may be skeptical about this until you study the unified field, and realize that you are a ponderable body, and as such, observes light as a constantly travelling wave; but for electrical bodies, light is perceived as an accelerating wave. Listen, this is the real boundary in principle between macro and micro physics.
Light is a wave travelling at a constant speed for a piece of rock, for a human, and for any other non-charged body, but for an electrical body like an electron or a proton, light is an accelerating wave. Light travels at a constant speed outside the atom, but inside the atom, light begins to accelerate.
This is the core reason why we have failed to intuitively understand quantum mechanics since its inception a hundred years ago, but not anymore, for string theory now reveals and demystifies the inner operations of the atomic world!
I want you to know that I have not come to reveal to you the laws, but the laws behind the laws, not the principles, but the principles behind the principles, as you shall find out in this blog and in The Theory of the Universe,
light is an ethereal radical, and its different fundamental essences are responsible for the myriad experiences, manifestations, and possibilities in the cosmos.
So, how does this idea about the acceleration of light solve this third challenge of string theory?
Firstly, the proposed idea of the acceleration of light absolves string theory of the two supposed forces of the standard model, the weak force and the strong force, thus, indispensably simplifying the theory and limiting the forces in the universe to only the gravi-electromagnetic force, in which the supposed electromagnetic and gravitational forces are unified as it components in the theory of the universe.
The acceleration of light resolves the Coulomb’s mistake, and establishes the true legitimate basis for the existence of the electromagnetic force.
Secondly, this remarkably simple idea justifies the multiplicity of particles, for there is no limit placed on the acceleration of light. In string theory, the Einstein’s energy equation is presented as,
The Einstein’s energy equation above is still preserved in string theory, but it now insightfully applies only to ponderable (non-charged) bodies, and should no longer be extended to electrical (charged) bodies as Einstein had hypothesized. Thus, it now states according to string theory that:
Energy equals mass times the square of the speed of light for all ponderable (non-charged) bodies.
The energy equation which now applies to electrical (charged) bodies is presented mathematically in the theory of the universe as,
Energy equals mass times the square of the acceleration of light for all electrical (charged) bodies.
Now, you will realize from the two equations stated above that there are two forms of energy in the universe.
The first form of energy which you have always known and which is exemplified by the Einstein’s energy equation above is the energy in Joules, while the second form of energy which is being newly introduced to you above is the energy in Joules / second 2.
The acceleration of light, and not the constant speed of light, is the crucial underlying reason it has been possible to design particle accelerators with seeming ever increasing and accelerating energy in J / s 2 to produce new electrical bodies in particle physics.
The Two Forms of Energy in the Universe
So, while there is limit placed on the Einstein’s energy equation for ponderable (non-charged) bodies due to the constancy of both mass and the speed of light, there is no limit placed on the energy equation for electrical (charged) bodies due to the acceleration of light, and this underlies and justifies the multiplicity of particles in the cosmos.
Through the third thesis, string theory reduces the four forces in the standard model to just the gravi-electromagnetic force. The gravi-electromagnetic force is the only force field in the universe. We have wrongly supposed according to the standard model that there are four forces in the universe due to our ignorance of this higher form of energy in J / s 2.
String theory now introduces two fundamental forms of energy, and this stands inter alia as a crucial empirically testable prediction of string theory, which also revolutionizes in a remarkable way our understanding of the laws of the universe.
Also, you must have realized that both energy equations above further reveal the interface in principle between macro and micro physics. So, take note: Energy in Joules does not apply within the atom, when you move into the atomic world, the energy in Joules / second 2 is the characteristic energy of atomic bodies.
The energy in J / s 2 is the most explicit form of dark energy which is causing the accelerated expansion of the universe. It is the characteristic energy possessed by accelerated frames, and which corresponds to the fact that they possess acceleration in m / s 2. This new energy reveals with striking clarity the central mystery of quantum mechanics shown in the theory of the universe.
My dear enlightened one, from now henceforth, when you think of an electrical (charged) body in accelerated motion, carrying acceleration which is in m / s 2, also know that it carries energy in J / s 2. This is the true hidden principle of motion in the atomic world.
So, the challenge of the multiplicity of forces and particles is resolved by this simple insightful thesis:
This third thesis allows string theory to unify within the same Euclidean geometrical framework the two forms of energy in the universe, the energy in Joules and the energy in Joules / second 2, and they shall together constitute the body of scientific investigation, and they shall no longer stand apart.
In this scientific article, the definition of string theory exposes that there are two kinds of non-mechanical waves in the universe, the electromagnetic wave or the E-wave and the gravi-electromagnetic wave or the G-wave. And it proceeded to elucidate that these two waves lead to two forms of string or space in the universe which solves the problem of the multiplicity of the dimensions of space.
It also went further to tell us that these two non-mechanical waves in the universe lead to the two forms of energy in the universe, energy in J and in J / s 2, which resolves the problem of the multiplicity of forces and particles in the universe.
String theory is an overarching theory of synthesis, and this article elucidates summarily, and in a simplified manner, the unique and true framework of the string theory.
This article shows that the three theses of string theory lead to the three presented and indispensable unifications or syntheses of vital aspects of the cosmos of which some have been hidden until now, but are necessary for the progress of fundamental science.
String theory unifies the philosophies of ABSOLUTISM and RELATIONISM, the aspects of FORM and DIMENSION, and the two cosmic forms of energy in JOULES and JOULES PER SECOND SQUARED.
This three-fold success of string theory launches the era of post-modern physics and the advent of post-modern technologies that will cause the rebirth of civilization. The blueprint to these post-modern technologies is discussed in the theory of the universe.
Now, let’s outline the three important theses of string theory:
Thesis I: String theory is the study of absolute space and time, and the fundamental motions of light and gravi-electromagnetic wave.
Thesis II: There are two forms of string or space in the universe, both has three dimensions, and while one carries light and uniformly moving bodies, the other carries gravi-electromagnetic wave and accelerating bodies.
Thesis III: Light travels at a constant speed for all ponderable (non-charged) bodies and accelerates for all electrical (charged) bodies.
Further implications of the acceleration of light and the energy equations are beyond the scope of this article, but I am certain that your enthusiastic mind already finds that they open doors to novel and revolutionary understanding of the universe which are found in this treatise.
Also, so far, I have not expounded on time, gravity, gravi-electromagnetism etc. which would be done in my future articles and has already been done in The Theory of the Universe which is now available for you.
String theory has resolved the three major challenges outlined in the beginning of this article, and has emerged anew as the theory of everything with striking simplicity, convincing clarity and verifiable concreteness. In the theory of the universe, you are certain of nothing less than a novel, profound and complete understanding of the universe.
Now that you have read this article, I want you to gladly share it with your friends and every string theorists using any of the share buttons at the bottom of this post, tell them that string theory has triumphed! Tell them that physics is now and forever unified!
This is Einstein’s dream, this is your reality.
Till we meet again, I remain your friend and co-mind,
– M. V. Echa