In this short scientific article, I want to bring your attention to the complete unified question posed by Newtons Bucket Experiment with regards to the nature of physics both inside and outside the atomic world.
The complete unified question is a new concept that captures the result or observation of the Newton’s bucket experiment as it would occur both inside and outside of the atomic world. And we are aware that it wasn’t so before.
This is because at first, Newton presented the famous bucket experiment to prove the existence of absolute space and he presented the experiment as it applies only outside the atomic world.
However, there is now possibly, due to post-modern physics, a hypothetical atomic presentation of Newton’s Bucket Experiment and the result is surprisingly different.
So, to present the complete unified question that this experiment poses, I want to first of all briefly describe the Newton’s Bucket Experiment.
Now, according to this experiment:
“Hang a bucket filled with water by a rope, twist the rope tightly so that it’s ready, to unwind, and let it go. At first, the bucket starts to spin but the water inside remains fairly stationary; the surface of the stationary water stays nice and flat.
As the bucket picks up speed, little by little its motion is communicated to the water by friction, and the water starts to spin.
As it does, the water’s surface takes on a concave shape, higher at the rim and lower in the center.”
Now, due to the anticlockwise motion of the rope, the bucket comes to rest but the water keeps spinning and its surface remains concave. And finally, the water stops spinning like the bucket.
While at first, with the bucket in motion and the water at rest, the water surface was flat, and now when the bucket is at rest, the spinning water maintains a concave surface, indicating that relative motion is not responsible for the concave shape of the water surface.
Newton contended that the water surface becomes concave because the water is spinning relative to immovable absolute space. Newton used this bucket experiment to prove or argue for the existence of absolute space.
So, the already known central question in Newton’s bucket experiment is: why does the water surface become concave? But this question is incomplete as it only involves the non-atomic world.
So now, in summary, the water surface becomes concave during the bucket experiment, but does this result also translate into the atomic world? The answer is No.
You must know that the Newton’s Bucket Experiment as understood is as it applies outside the atom. Besides, we are somehow aware of this, but we just didn’t know that this experiment has profound significance with regards to the atomic world and how we understand the universe at a broader level.
While we cannot actually go into the atomic world to perform the Newton’s bucket experiment, through post-modern physics, we are well aware of what the experiment would be like if performed in the atomic world and what its result would be.
And according to post-modern physics, if we perform the bucket experiment or spin the bucket with water in the atomic world, the water surface would always remain flat and never concave. This is profound and surprising, to say the least!
That is, if we have on one side, like on the left-hand-side as shown in the picture below, the bucket experiment as it is performed outside the atomic world, we will have that the water surface becomes concave.
And if we have on the other side, that is on the right-hand-side as shown in the diagram above, the bucket experiment as it is performed inside the atomic world, we would have that the water surface remains flat.
So, outside the atomic world, the water surface would be concave, but inside the atomic world, the water surface would be flat. Why is this so? This is the complete unified question that the Newton’s Bucket Experiment poses. It wasn’t so before, when the focus of the experiment was as it applies in the non-atomic world. As a result, we had a partial presentation of it.
This complete unified question is what is behind the long, unresolved division between relativity and quantum mechanics has been posing; it is what the whole mystery of quantum mechanics is all about, and every other hard conceptual problem in physics is related to it.
The Newton’s Bucket Experiment is probably one of the simplest quintessential experiments for understanding why and how the atomic world and the non-atomic worlds are different.
We are used to the fact that the water surface becomes concave outside the atom, but we are not used to the fact that the water surface becomes flat inside the atom, and this is why quantum mechanics has all this while seemed mysterious and counter-intuitive.
Why is the water surface concave outside the atomic world and flat inside the atomic world is the complete unified question and it is what I also see as one of the baits that leads us to post-modern physics.
Until next time,
I will be here.
– M. V. Echa