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Author’s Note: The content of this scientific article and the conclusions of the author are derived or drawn from the Treatise which presents the first ever unified description of the universe. So, you will come to really appreciate and to completely understand the position post-modern physics takes in this scientific article when you study the Treatise.
During the solar eclipse on May 29, 1919, Arthur Eddington, a British astronomer performed an experimental test of Einstein’s theory of general relativity. The theory had predicted that the path of light from a distant star should curve around the Sun due to the Sun’s gravitational field.
This was one of the central predictions in Einstein’s theory of general relativity which informs us that gravity can bend the path of light or deviate it from linearity.
So, it is said that in 1919, Arthur Eddington proved Einstein’s prediction correct and today scientists hold the view that gravity can bend the path of light. This understanding is what led to the new study of gravitational lensing and other phenomena associated with this prediction.
However, today, we are once again brought to confront the veracity of Einstein’s prediction and we are brought to confront this prediction by post-modern physics. Remember that Einstein’s theory of general relativity is a modern theory and not a post-modern theory.
The Sun’s Gravity bending the Path of Light According to General Relativity: image source
It is therefore important that we look at what post-modern physics has to say about gravitational lensing or the accepted fact that gravity can bend the path of light. Does post-modern physics agree with this? The simple answer is no, and I have written this scientific article to make you understand why.
I have talked about this in some of my scientific posts by showing you the perspective of post-modern physics, but in this scientific article, I want to be particular or specific about discussing what the actual relationship between light and gravity is and how they influence each other, that is if they do.
So, to address why post-modern physics does not agree with Einstein’s prediction about gravity bending the path of light, we would have to look and compare what gravity is and how it is related to light in both modern and post-modern physics.
Gravity in Modern and Post-modern Physics
While classical physics does little to inform us about the nature of gravity, it, however, informs us that gravity is a kind of centripetal force. Like the Earth’s gravitational field is what keeps the Moon moving around the Earth as though the gravitational force is directed towards the center of the Earth.
So, in this classical description, gravity is seen as a real force field. But all this was to change with the advent of general relativity. In general relativity, gravity is no longer a real, force field but a topological field. In this topological description of gravity, gravity is the distortion of space-time around or due to the presence of mass-energy.
This new description somewhat absolves general relativity of the need to be concerned about whether light has classical inertia or mass like matter since its path can be deviated by gravity. In general relativity, gravity is simply a geometrical phenomenon.
Why this is important with regards to this discussion is that according to classical physics, there is no way you can explain the assertion or prediction that gravity can bend the path of light because mass is a central component of every gravitational interaction.
So, the prediction of general relativity that gravity can bend the path of light had to emerge from a different theory of gravity which defines gravity as a geometrical phenomenon or a geometrical field and not an actual force field as classical physics would agree.
I have made the effort so far to compare the descriptions of gravity in classical and modern physics so that you will know that I understand what general relativity informs us about gravity even as I will criticize it in this scientific post.
In modern physics, gravity is what happens when space-time becomes curved by matter and the paths of bodies and even that of light naturally bend around matter due to this.
So, we can see that in modern physics, gravity is a geometrical phenomenon and not a real, classical field but the same cannot be said of light which remains as a real field just as classical physics would agree. This conceptual disharmony is a strong criticism against Einstein’s theory of general relativity and I will come to it later in this article.
Now, in post-modern physics, gravity is not a geometrical phenomenon neither does it have a topological description as we find in general relativity. In post-modern physics, we return to a deeper understanding of the real, field nature of gravity that agrees with classical physics.
And in this post-modern description, gravity is defined as the least resistance to accelerated motion. So, while modern physics describes gravity as the curvature of space-time by matter, post-modern physics defines gravity as a limit of inertia.
These two different definitions or descriptions of gravity are what produces the disagreement between modern physics and post-modern physics concerning the prediction that gravity can bend the path of light.
Furthermore, modern physics does not describe light and gravity in a “unified conformation” as Einstein desired or sought after publishing the theory of general relativity but in post-modern physics both light and gravity are described in a “unified conformation”.
The theory which produces this “unified conformation” is gravi-electrodynamics and it is evident from its actual term. It is in gravi-electrodynamics that we find the new description of gravity as a limit of inertia and not as a geometrical phenomenon due to the curvature of space-time.
In other words, gravi-electrodynamics is the exact theory that comes against general relativity in the description of gravity. Gravi-electrodynamics does not agree with general relativity that gravity can bend the path of light.
Also, in gravi-electrodynamics, light and gravity have equal conceptual status as limits of inertia, and as limits of inertia, they are real fields as classical physics would agree.
This is unlike how it is in general relativity where light and gravity do not have equal conceptual status. In general relativity, gravity is a geometrical or topological field while light is a real field.
And concerning the “unified conformation” with which gravi-electrodynamics presents light and gravity, they are now components of gravi-electromagnetic wave. The gravi-electromagnetic wave is the second non-mechanical wave in the universe.
This is different from how general relativity presents light and gravity separately without any “unified conformation”. So, it is with a greater sense of truth that post-modern physics or gravi-electrodynamics refutes Einstein’s prediction that gravity can bend the path of light.
In post-modern physics, gravity is not a geometrical distortion or topological field any longer but a real field and as a real field, it is a component of gravi-electromagnetic wave alongside light.
So, in the post-modern theory of gravi-electrodynamics, we understand how light and gravity interact based on their co-existent relationship as the components of gravi-electromagnetic wave and not as two totally separate essences.
The Relationship Between Light and Gravity
In general relativity which predicts that gravity can bend the path of light there is no exact relationship between light and gravity. And because this does not exist, light is taken as an essence that can be influenced by gravity.
But this proposition or hypothesis is very wrong. In post-modern physics, we come to understand that light and gravity cannot influence each other in any way and this is because they are orthogonal to each other.Light and gravity cannot influence each other in any way and this is because they are orthogonal to each other.Click To Tweet
The orthogonality principle is the defining relationship between light and gravity in post-modern physics, and it is by the orthogonality principle that light and gravity manifest together as the gravi-electromagnetic wave while still maintaining their separate essences.
So, I am saying that while light and gravity are the components of gravi-electromagnetic wave, they do not in any way influence each other because of the orthogonality principle. This is important, for because of the orthogonality principle gravity cannot bend the path of light.
In post-modern physics, light and gravity are separate just like oil and water which are immiscible liquids. This is a fundamental understanding in post-modern physics, that light and gravity are orthogonal essences.
It is a very wrong physics to say that gravity can influence light. They remain separate yet related to each other by the orthogonality principle. So, we can say that gravity cannot bend the path of light because of the orthogonality principle.
This principle which is the pivotal relationship between light and gravity is missing from modern physics and from general relativity. This is why general relativity wrongly concludes that gravity can bend the path of light.
However, when we understand light and gravity in a “unified conformation”, then we would see that gravity cannot bend the path of light. The only reason why this wrong prediction has held all this while is because we did not understand the unity of light and gravity.
What Light Deviates From in Post-modern Physics
Nevertheless, in post-modern physics, we still find that light deviates or bends from a geometrical ideal. This result is beautiful for it shows us how general relativity was inversely right or was at least indicating to us something about light and the relativity of accelerated frames.
While in general relativity, light bends from linearity due to gravity, in gravi-electrodynamics, light bends from orthogonality and it is not due to gravity. This understanding is very important.
Listen: in post-modern physics, light and gravity are understood as separate quintessences of motion. Light is understood as the quintessence of non-orthogonality while gravity is understood as the quintessence of orthogonality.
So, light on its own accord bends from orthogonality as a quintessence of non-orthogonality, while gravity on its own accord does not bend from orthogonality as a quintessence of orthogonality.
The above is showing us a new understanding or application of geometry in post-modern physics. In post-modern physics, both linearity and orthogonality play important roles in our understanding of motion.
Now, this bending of light from orthogonality is what causes us to sense inertia when we are in unnatural accelerated motion while the preservation of orthogonality by gravity is what causes us not to sense inertia when we are in natural accelerated motion due to gravity.
I would have loved to go further about all of this but you should know that we cannot discuss all of post-modern physics or gravi-electrodynamics in an article. I will advise you to get the Treatise so that you will have a complete understanding of what I am informing you in this scientific article.
Light, Gravity and the Unified Conformation
Like I have said, in post-modern physics, light and gravity unify to produce the gravi-electromagnetic wave which is the second non-mechanical wave in the universe. The existence of another non-mechanical in the universe besides light is one of the most important results of the long-sought unification of light and gravity.
Now, I have written this section to draw your attention to the nature of the field around a body of matter like the Sun. General relativity will like us to know that there is a huge curvature of space-time around a body of matter or around the Sun.
A densely curved space-time is what exists around a body of matter in general relativity, but in gravi-electrodynamics, a dense gravi-electromagnetic field is what exists around a body of matter. The two propositions are obviously different.
In general relativity, we have a topological field around matter but in gravi-electrodynamics, we have a real gravi-electromagnetic field around matter, and in the internal, important relationship between light and gravity as components of the gravi-electromagnetic field, gravity cannot influence light.
Still, a question that comes up becomes: can this gravi-electromagnetic field around matter bend light since light and the gravi-electromagnetic wave are two different non-mechanical waves?
The obvious answer from post-modern physics is that the gravi-electromagnetic wave does not directly bend or influence the path of light.
This is because light and the gravi-electromagnetic wave do not move in the same form of space. There is no direct influence in post-modern physics that the gravi-electromagnetic wave as a non-mechanical wave can have on light which is another non-mechanical wave.
But the gravi-electromagnetic wave can indirectly bend or influence the path of light since it is the content of matter. All matter in the universe was produced by the gravi-electromagnetic wave during creation.
So, the position I still hold concerning the deviation of light by matter or concerning the deviation of light from linearity around the Sun as observed in 1919 is that it is due to refraction.
The surrounding field of gas or matter around most of the heavenly bodies and which are constituted of the gravi-electromagnetic wave is what is responsible for the bending of the path of light.
A deep understanding of the universe and of the “unified conformation” of light and gravity shows that gravity cannot bend the path of light and even the gravi-electromagnetic field cannot directly do that. The only permitted and isolated deviation of light is from orthogonality and not from linearity as general relativity had predicted.
Until next time,
I will be here.
– M. V. Echa